From the Farmers’ Perspective: Pesticide Use and Pest Control

  • Seyyed Mahmoud HashemiEmail author
  • Rajinder Peshin
  • Giuseppe Feola


Many studies have shown that farmers in developing countries often overuse pesticides and do not adopt safety practices. Policies and interventions to promote a safer use of pesticides are often based on a limited understanding of the farmers’ own perspective of pesticide use. This often results in ineffective policies and the persistence of significant pesticide-related health and environmental problems, especially in developing countries. This chapter explores potentials and limitations of different approaches to study pesticide use in agriculture from the farmers’ perspective. In contrast to the reductionist and mono-disciplinary approaches often adopted, this chapter calls for integrative methodological approaches to provide a realistic and thorough understanding of the farmers’ perspective on pesticide use and illustrates the added value of such an approach with three case studies of pesticide use in Iran, India, and Colombia.


Integrative approach Integrated pest management Pest control Pesticide use Safe use of pesticides 



The authors are grateful to Hossein Heidari, senior researcher at the Biological Control Research Department, Iranian Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute, for providing us with some information needed for the case study “Pesticide use and IPM in Iran,” funded by Tehran University Research Division. The research presented in the case study “Pesticide use in the Colombian Andes” was carried out within the project “Reducing human health and environmental risks from pesticide use: Integrating decision-making with spatially-explicit risk assessment models. The case of Vereda La Hoya, Colombia” led by Prof. C. R. Binder at the University of Zurich, and funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyyed Mahmoud Hashemi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rajinder Peshin
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Feola
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of AgricultureUniversity of TehranKarajIran
  2. 2.Division of Agricultural Extension EducationSher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of JammuChathaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Geography and Environmental ScienceUniversity of ReadingReadingUK

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