Water Vulnerability with Population Growth in Metropolitan Areas of Developing Countries: An Interdisciplinary Approach

  • Silvana Audrá Cutolo
  • Giuliana Carolina Talamini
  • Juliane Gaviolli
  • Paulo Nascimento
  • Leandro Luiz Giatti
Conference paper


This research shows the current situation in Metropolitan Region of São Paulo (MR), the effects of demographic growth, internal migration, and social environmental conflicts and vulnerabilities of water availability and natural resources. We used data of research in water resources based on demographic and socioeconomic data provided by public institutions. Being assessed in relation to the uses of water in the São Paulo MR, seeking to identify areas of conflict arising from urban areas and their impacts on the vulnerability of ecosystems in water availability. São Paulo MR is composed of 39 cities with 19.5 million inhabitants in 7.9 million km2, of which 25 (64 %) cities are in watershed areas. In 2010, total water demand was 77.2 m3/sec. São Paulo MR has about 200 m3/sec of water per person/year, considered a high critical value, demonstrating the lack of water. These values are conflicting regarding the trend of migration to cities and suburbs of the average São Paulo MR, and the conurbation of the Campinas and Santos Metropolitan Regions, in which there is a competition for water uses of Piracicaba river basin near Campinas; and Santos RM, situated on the coastal area and with high groundwater availability. With the prominence of conflict and worse water availability, we consider the high dynamics of the Brazilian economy, with rising incomes associated with increased water consumption per capita in metropolitan areas.


Water Availability Metropolitan Region Integrate Water Resource Management Virtual Water Squat Settlement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo- FAPESP for supports: Process No 2012/14160-7 for participation in the 11th Urban Environment Symposium em Karshuhe (DE), 2012 September 16–19; This work is supported by FAPESP (2010/20899-0) coordinated by Pr. Dr. Leandro Luiz Giatti in the research” Indicators of environmental sustainability and health for the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo—An ecosystem approach to study at different holarchic levels”


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvana Audrá Cutolo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Giuliana Carolina Talamini
    • 3
  • Juliane Gaviolli
    • 3
  • Paulo Nascimento
    • 3
  • Leandro Luiz Giatti
    • 3
  1. 1.São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Saúde Ambiental, Faculdade de Saúde PúblicUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento Prática de Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Saúde PúblicaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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