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Electro-oxidation of 3-Carbon Alcohols and Its Viability for Fuel Cell Application

  • Janaina Fernandes GomesEmail author
  • Patricia Maria Patrizi Pratta
  • Germano Tremiliosi-Filho
Chapter

Abstract

N-propanol, 2-propanol, 1,2-propanediol, 1,3-propanediol, glycerol, allyl and propargyl are all aliphatic alcohols containing three carbon atoms.

The difference between them is the number of hydroxyl groups, their positions in the molecular chain and the saturation degree. The interaction between these alcohols and model surfaces (such as platinum and gold) and the further reaction has been widely investigated in the last three decades. Previous studies have revealed that the electrosorption properties of alcohols with three carbon atoms chain depend on: (1) the number of hydrogen atoms bonded to the α-carbon atom; (2) the position of the OH in the hydrocarbon chain; (3) the number of OH groups; and (4) the relative position of the OH group. One of the motivations for studying alcohols with three carbon atoms chain is the possibility of application of these alcohols in direct alcohol fuel cells for electric energy generation, co-generation of heat and chemicals. In particular, glycerol is an interesting alcohol, since it is abundantly produced as a co-product of the biodiesel fabrication and it has high energy content. In this chapter, we concentrate attention on the reactivity of glycerol over Pt, Pd and Au-based electrodes in acidic and alkaline medium and on the application of glycerol in direct glycerol fuel cell, highlighting the main challenges and perspectives on that.

Keywords

Fuel Cell Oxygen Reduction Reaction Reversible Hydrogen Electrode Fuel Cell Application Glyceric Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janaina Fernandes Gomes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Patricia Maria Patrizi Pratta
    • 2
  • Germano Tremiliosi-Filho
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Química de São CarlosUniversidade de São PauloSão CarlosBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Engenharia QuímicaUniversidade Federal de São CarlosSão CarlosBrazil

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