Skip to main content

Erosion Surface and Granitic Morphology in the Sierra de Lihuel Calel, Province of La Pampa, Argentina

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Gondwana Landscapes in southern South America

Part of the book series: Springer Earth System Sciences ((SPRINGEREARTH))

Abstract

This chapter aims to characterize the landforms of the ignimbrite landscape in the Sierra de Lihuel Calel, province of La Pampa, Argentina. DEM data from SRTM were used for the analysis of morphometric characteristics and other parameters, so as to obtain longitudinal profiles and identify the boundaries of the paleosurface. By means of the interpretation of satellite imagery and field observations, the different features of this ancient landscape were identified as well as the lithology and fabric of the volcanic and pyroclastic rocks, which were petrographically studied. Textural transformations occurring in ignimbrites provided properties to these rocks which are similar to those common in granitic rocks. The studied landforms might be regarded as pseudo-granitic landforms, and thus major and minor landforms are described. Fracturing has been found as a significant factor in landform evolution.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Folgueras A, Zárate M (2009) La sedimentación neógena continental en el sector extrandino de Argentina central. Asociación Geológica Argentina, Revista 64(4):692–712

    Google Scholar 

  • Linares E, Llambías EJ, Latorre C (1980) Geología de la provincia de La Pampa, República Argentina y geocronología de sus rocas metamórficas y eruptivas. Asociación Geológica Argentina, Revista 34(1):87–146

    Google Scholar 

  • Llambías EJ (1973) Las ignimbritas de la sierra de Lihuel Calel, provincia de La Pampa. Actas 5 Congreso Geológico Argentino 4:55–67

    Google Scholar 

  • Llambías EJ (1975) Geología de la provincia de La Pampa y su aspecto minero. Dirección de Minas de la provincia de la Pampa, Informe inédito, Santa Rosa, 38 p

    Google Scholar 

  • Llambias EJ (2003) Geología de los cuerpos ígneos. Instituto Superior de Correlación Geológica y Asociación Geológica Argentina Serie de Correlación Geológica 15:1–182

    Google Scholar 

  • Llambías EJ, Leveratto MA (1975) El plateau riolítico de la provincia de La Pampa, República Argentina. Actas II Congreso Iberoamericano de Geología Económica 1:99–114

    Google Scholar 

  • Mabbutt JA (1961) Basal surface or weathering front. Proc Geol Assoc Lond 72:357–358

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McArthur AN, Cas RAF, Orton GJ (1998) Distribution and significance of crystalline, perlitic and vesicular textures in the Ordovician Garth Tuff (Wales). Bull Volcanol 60:260–285

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McPhie J, Doyle M, Allen R (1993) Volcanic textures: a guide to the interpretation of textures in volcanic rocks. CODES Key Centre, Hobart, 197 pp

    Google Scholar 

  • Ollier CD (1965) Some features of granite weathering in Australia. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 9:285–304

    Google Scholar 

  • Ollier CD (1967) Spheroidal weathering, exfoliation and constant volume alteration. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 11(1):103–108

    Google Scholar 

  • Ollier CD (1978) Inselbergs of the Namib Desert, processes and history. Zeitschrift fir Geomorphologie, Supplement 31:161–176

    Google Scholar 

  • Ollier CD (1988) Volcanoes. Blackwell, Oxford, 228 p

    Google Scholar 

  • Ollier CD (1991) Ancient landforms. Belhaven, London, p 233

    Google Scholar 

  • Ollier CD, Bourman RP (2002) Flared slopes, foot-slopes, and the retreat of overhanging slopes: examples of convergent landform development. Phys Geogr 23:321–334

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ramos VA (1999) Las Provincias Geológicas del Territorio Argentino. Geología Argentina, Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales, Anales 29(3):41–96, ISSN:0328–2325

    Google Scholar 

  • Rapela CW, Pankhurst RJ, Llambías EJ, Labudía C, Artabe A (1996) “Gondwana” magmatism of Patagonia: inner Cordilleran calc-alkaline batholiths and bimodal volcanic provinces. In: Third international symposium on Andean geodynamics, Saint-Malo, France, pp 791–794

    Google Scholar 

  • Sato AM, Tickyj H, Llambías EJ, Sato K (2000) The Las Matras tonalitic-trondhjemitic pluton, central Argentina: Grenvillian-age constraints, geochemical characteristics, and regional implications. J S Am Earth Sci 13:587–610

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sruoga P, Llambías EJ (1992) Permo-Triassic leucorhyolitic ignimbrites at Sierra de Lihuel Calel, La Pampa province, Argentina. J S Am Earth Sci 5(2):141–152

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tickyj H, Basei MAS, Sato AM, Llambías EJ (1999) U-Pb and K-Ar ages of Pichi Mahuida Group, crystalline basement of south-eastern La Pampa province, Argentina. In: Actas II South American symposium on isotope geology, Carlos Paz, Argentina, pp 139–144

    Google Scholar 

  • Twidale CR (1962) Steepened margins of the inselberg from north-western Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie 6:51–69

    Google Scholar 

  • Twidale CR (1982) Granite landforms. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 372 pp

    Google Scholar 

  • Twidale CR (1983) Pediments, peneplains and ultiplains. Revue de Geomorphologie Dynamique 32:1–35

    Google Scholar 

  • Twidale CR (1990) The origin and implications of some erosional landforms. J Geol 98:343–364

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vidal Romaní JR, Twidale CR (1998) Formas y paisajes graníticos. Universidade da Coruña, A Coruña, 411 pp

    Google Scholar 

  • Widdowson M (ed) (1997) Palaeosurfaces: recognition, reconstruction and palaeoenvironmental interpretation, Special publication, 120. Geological Society of London, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilson CJN (1993) Stratigraphy, chronology, styles, and dynamics of late Quaternary eruptions from Taupo volcano, New Zealand. Philos Trans R Soc Lond A 343:205–306

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zárate MA, Folguera A (2014) Planation surfaces of Central Western Argentina. In: Rabassa J, Ollier C (eds) Gondwana landscapes in southern South America. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 365–392

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This investigation was financed by the PIP Project 112-200801-00119 of CONICET. The authors are greatly indebted to Cliff Ollier for his permanent support and careful revision of the first draft of the manuscript and to Jorge Rabassa for his kind invitation to present this chapter.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Emilia Y. Aguilera .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Aguilera, E.Y., Sato, A.M., Llambías, E., Tickyj, H. (2014). Erosion Surface and Granitic Morphology in the Sierra de Lihuel Calel, Province of La Pampa, Argentina. In: Rabassa, J., Ollier, C. (eds) Gondwana Landscapes in southern South America. Springer Earth System Sciences. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7702-6_14

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics