• Kurt Sundermeyer
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 176)


During the last century it was more and more recognized that fundamental physics can be based on symmetries. In this introductory chapter the notion of symmetry in terms of operations and invariants is brought to mind. Further it is explained that in this book “fundamental physics” is understood in the sense of “elementary particle theory and relativity theories”, and that the symmetry operations dealt with act on the level of the action as variational symmetries. Further topics are different versions of symmetries, the benefit of symmetries, and an overview of the essential symmetry groups as they show up in various fields ranging from classical physics to particle physics and theories of gravitation.


Gauge Group Dynamical Equation Fundamental Physic Symmetry Transformation Grand Unify Theory 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsFreie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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