Creative Approaches Combined with Computer Simulation Technology in Teaching Pharmacology
Pharmacology is a key course among a number of preclinical courses in the schools of medicine, nursing, preventive medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, etc., and deals with the study of drugs regarding their sources, uses, metabolism excretion, dosages, adverse effects, interactions, and contraindications. To date, more and more traditional teaching methods in pharmacology are introduced, mainly including lecture based learning (LBL), problem based learning (PBL) mode, computer assisted teaching (CAT), computer assisted learning (CAL) experimental skills training in pharmacology and so on. In addition, these teaching methods above still focus on drugs not the relationship between with drugs and diseases of patients. Moreover, traditional pharmacology teachings focus more on drugs instead of therapeutics, such that although pharmacological knowledge is acquired, practical skills in prescribing remain weak. However, although teaching pharmacology to medical students has long been seen as a challenge and one to which a number of innovative approaches have been taken. The aim of this present article is to provide those who are interested in teaching of pharmacology to be acquainted with the teaching of pharmacology, including the traditional teaching methods and also the application of new one teaching method combined with computer simulation technology in pharmacology.
KeywordsPharmacology Drug targets Computer simulation technology
This work was supported by Teaching Research Project of Ningbo University (To Dr. Chuang Wang in 2013).This project also sponsored by K. C. Wong Magna funded at Ningbo University.
- 1.Joshi A, Trivedi M (2010) Innovations in pharmacology teaching. Int J Pharm Biomed Res 1(2):62–64Google Scholar
- 2.Li W, Zhang Y, Zhang C, Zhang X (2004) Pharmacology teaching and its reform in China. Acta Pharmacol Sin 25(9):1233–1238Google Scholar
- 3.Barrows HS (1985) How to design a problem-based curriculum for the preclinical years. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 4.Michel MC, Bischoff A, Heringdrof MZ, Newmann D, Jokobs KH (2002) Problem versus lecture based pharmacology teaching in a German medical school. Naunyn Schmiedbergs Arch Pharmacol 366:64–68Google Scholar
- 5.Feng GQ, Fu RF, Wang ZJ (2003) Preliminary study and application in pharmacology teaching with learning oriented method. Chin Pharmacol 20:16Google Scholar
- 6.Barrows HS (1994) Practice-based learning: problem-based learning applied to medical education. Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, p 145Google Scholar
- 7.De Vries TGPM, Henning RH, Hogerze HV, Fersle DF (1994) Guide to good prescribin. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar