A Team-Learning of Strategies to Increase Students’ Physical Activity and Motivation in Sports Community
The Physical Activity (PA) levels of many college students in China are currently in sufficient to promote health benefits. Sport governors may influence students’ motivation to be physically active in PE lessons, but few intervention studies have examined motivational strategies in sports clubs. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of three motivational strategies, each based on Team-Learning Theory (TLT), on PA levels, and their hypothesized antecedents, over a period of 6 months. A modified TBL method was used in two periods of the sports club: aerobics and a more challenging hip pop. Individual and group answers to all questions were recorded, and a motivation form was collected for each period. Students provided positive feedback. Group performance was better than individual performance during the TBL exercises. TBL was more successful when the tasks were very difficult. Performance of the group on the hip pop period showed significant motivation over that in the aerobics part. Conclusion: The results suggest that TBL provides increasing students’ physical activity and motivation, and provide insight into appropriate design of TBL practices.