Advertisement

Simultaneous Determination of Five Phthalic Acid Esters (PAEs) in Soil and Air

  • Tian-yu Hu
  • Yang Liu
  • Hua-jun Hu
  • Meng-xin Wang
  • Bao-yu Han
  • Jian Ge
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 269)

Abstract

This present paper describes the development of a gas chromatography(GC) coupled with a Flame Ionization Detector (FID) for simultaneous determination of five Phthalic Acid Esters (PAEs) chemicals in soil and air. Five PAEs chemicals were purchased from J&K Chemicals Ltd, Shanghai, China. From a variety of solvents tested, ethyl acetate was found to be the best solvent for simultaneously extracting five chemicals from soil and air samples. GC (Agilent 6890) analysis of the extracts was performed on an analytical column (HP-5 capillary column, 30 m and 0.25 × 250 μm). The results showed that there was a good linearity over the range 0.625–40.0 μg/mL (r > 0.99). The recoveries were more than 85.0 % in soil and air samples, and the intra- and inter-day coefficients of variation were less than 15.0 % in all cases. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 0.625 μg/mL. The GC-FID method was readily applied to simultaneously quantitate five PAEs chemicals in soil and air extract samples.

Keywords

PAEs chemicals GC-FID Soil Air 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported financially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31100499) and Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (Y3080255). Besides, the article was also funded by Zhejiang Provincial Analytical Project (2011C37044).

References

  1. 1.
    Wu PG, Han GG, Wang HH et al (1999) An investigation on phthalates in drinking water. J Environ Health 16(6):338–339Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lin XT, Chen M, Wang XY et al (2004) Analysis of phthalate esters of environmental hormone in waste water treatment plant. Environ Sci Technol 27(6):79–83Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen ZL, Huang YK, Wang GM et al (2007) Detection method of phthalates of environment hormone in cosmetics. Environ Sci Technol 30(4):43–47MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang Q, Zhang MS, Chen WS et al (2008) Determination of 6 kinds of phthalate ester in edible oils by Gas Chromatography. J Chin Cereals Oils Assoc 23(5):171–174Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Van Meeuwen JA, Weterburg AH, Piersma M et al (2007) Mixture effects of estrogenic compounds on proliferation and pS2 expression of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Food Chem Toxicol 45(11):2319–2330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Salazar V, Castillo C, Ariznavarreta C et al (2004) Effect of oral intake of dibutyl phthalate on reproductive parameters of Long Evans rats and pre-pubertal development of their offspring. Toxicology 205(1):131–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Foster PMD, Cattley RC, Mylchreest E (2000) Effects of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) on male reproductive development in the rat: implications for human risk assessment. Food Chem Toxicol 38(Suppl 1):97–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ema M, Miyawaki E, Kawashima K (2000) Effects of dibutyl phthalate on reproductive function in pregnant and pseudopregnant rats. Reprod Toxicol 14(1):13–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang LS (1995) Chemistry of environmental pollution. Press of chemical industry, Beijing, pp 316–318Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hu XY, Zhang KR, Sun JH (2003) Environmental contamination by phthalates in china. Chin J Health Lab Technol 13(2):9–14Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lin XT, Wang XY, Lv WT et al (2009) Research progress in metabolism of phthalate esters. J Environ Health 26(2):182–184Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tian-yu Hu
    • 1
  • Yang Liu
    • 1
  • Hua-jun Hu
    • 1
  • Meng-xin Wang
    • 1
  • Bao-yu Han
    • 2
  • Jian Ge
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Life SciencesChina Jiliang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Biometrology and Inspection and QuarantineChina Jiliang UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.XiaSha Higher Education Zone, Zhejiang ProvinceHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations