The Precambrian Geology of the North China Craton: A Review and Update of the Key Issues

Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE, volume 7)

Abstract

This paper reviews current thinking with respect to the main issues concerning the nature and evolution of the North China Craton (NCC). Because literature on the NCC is so voluminous, it of necessity focuses on specific aspects that have wider applicability to the nature of Precambrian cratons in general. The assembly of the craton is examined and opposing views evaluated. The overall distribution of Precambrian rocks is placed within the favoured model for subdividing the craton, and recent advances in determining the ages of key lithological associations are presented. The more controversial topic of where the NCC was placed in the Nuna/Columbia and Rodinia supercontinents is canvassed, although no definitive conclusions can be drawn. Finally, the removal of continental lithosphere from beneath the eastern part of the craton in the Phanerozoic is briefly examined, since this phenomenon has wider implications for the global preservation of Precambrian crust.

Keywords

North China Craton Detrital Zircon Precambrian Rock Mafic Granulite Supracrustal Rock 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I wish to thank two important ladies of Chinese Geology—both now retired—for first introducing me to the geology of China. Prof. Kaiyi Wang of the Chinese Academy of Sciences invited me to work in the North China Craton at Wutaishan and Prof Jinglan Liu of the Harbin Institute of Geology introduced me to the Central Asian Orogenic Belt via the Jiamusi Massif. This was in 1992—and I am pleased to say that I have had the most rewarding experience of working regularly in both areas over the past twenty years. I also want to acknowledge Fuyuan Wu, Guochun Zhao, Jinhui Yang and Jianbo Zhou for their friendship, encouragements and invaluable assistance over many years.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Geology, The Institute for Geoscience ResearchCurtin UniversityPerthWestern Australia

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