Shaping the Interface – Interactions Between Confined Water and the Confining Solid

Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

The thermodynamics and kinetics of stressed solids with aqueous solutions in the grain interfaces are summarized. The main focus is on pressure solution and the connection to force of crystallization (crystallization pressure) is shown. The largest driving force of pressure solution, the work term, is linear in stress, all other contributions to the driving force are more than 3 orders of magnitude smaller. The minor driving forces (strain energy, surface tension, surface charges) are important for the transformation and stability of the interface structure and thereby the kinetics of pressure solution. Interface structure and stability may change strain rates up to 7 orders of magnitude.

Keywords

Fluid Film Pressure Solution Transition State Theory Helmholtz Energy Crystallization Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I wish to thank Jean-Pierre Gratier and Francois Renard with whom I have worked for years on these topics and who have pushed me to go critically through this theory.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physics of Geological Processes, Department of PhysicsUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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