Experimental Superheating and Cavitation of Water and Solutions at Spinodal-Like Negative Pressures

Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

The superheated liquids are metastable with respect to their vapour, what means they can exist under arid conditions whatever the temperature: capillary liquid residing in arid soils (desert shrubs, Mars sub-surface, …), solutions in the deep Earth crust, or water involved in rapid disequilibrium events (terrestrial or submarine geysers). The superheating state changes the solvent properties of liquids, and so modifies phase transitions (solid–liquid, liquid–vapor) P-T-X conditions. The synthetic fluid inclusion (SFI) enables to fabricate micro-volumes of hand-made liquid dispersed inside quartz, which readily superheat. Volumes of SFI are intermediate between macro-systems, in which superheating is restricted to around −30–35 MPa with very short lifetime, and nanosystems, wherein confinement effects predominate and in which the host size is similar to the one of the critical nucleus of vapour phase (huge nucleation barrier). This volume-to-metastability relationship is still to be defined quantitatively, and we are targeting to combine thermometric classical measurements with spectrometric characterizations, enabling to establish the threshold between micro- and nano-systems precisely. Meanwhile, the experiments performed so far illustrate the diversity of contexts and situations that could be modelled by superheating issues.

Keywords

Capillary Water Instantaneous Nucleation Superheated Liquid Superheated Water Trap Liquid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work has received support from the French Agency for Research (Agence Nationale de la Recherche, ANR) through the grants CONGE BLAN-61001 and Labex Voltaire ANR-10-LABX-100-01.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Earth SciencesUniversity of OrléansOrléansFrance
  2. 2.Institute of Experimental MineralogyRussian Academy of ScienceChernogolovkaRussia

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