Advertisement

Fire Safety and Fire Resistance of Building Structures and Timber Constructions

  • Roza Aseeva
  • Boris Serkov
  • Andrey Sivenkov
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Wood Science book series (SSWOO)

Abstract

This chapter presents general approaches to the system of fire safety in buildings and thermal fire regime’s assessment. Dynamics of change of fire hazard factors during fire growth is considered. Charring rate of timber species and glued laminated timber at nominal fire exposure is discussed. Fire resistance of timber building members and charring depth are presented.

Keywords

Fire Protection Fire Safety Fire Resistance Flame Spread Laminate Veneer Lumber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Astapenko VM, Koshmarov YA, Molchadskiy IS, Shevlyakov AN (1988) Thermogas dynamics of fires in room. Stroyizdat, Moscow, 448 pGoogle Scholar
  2. Competitive environment (2011) http://киск-красноярск.рфGoogle Scholar
  3. Demekhin VN, Mosalkov IL, Serkov BB et al (2003) Buildings, constructions and their stability in fire conditions. SFS Academy, Moscow, 656 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Development prospects of the glued laminated wood market (2009) http://www.stroyinform.ru
  5. EN 1995-1-2 (2004) Eurocode 5: design of timber structures, Part 1–2: general – structural fire designGoogle Scholar
  6. Federal Law of RF No. 117 Amendments to Federal Law of RF No. 123-FL Technical regulations for fire safety requirements, dd. 10.07.2012Google Scholar
  7. Federal Law of RF No. 123-FL Technical regulations for fire safety requirements, dd. 22.06.2008.Google Scholar
  8. Fire safety in timber buildings. Technical guideline for Europe (2010) www.jrc.ec.europa.eu; ISBN 978-91-86319-60-1
  9. GOST 12.1.004-91 Fire safety. General requirements. Moscow, 1992Google Scholar
  10. GOST 30247.0-94 Building structures. Fire resistance test methods. General requirements. Standards Publishing, Moscow, 1996Google Scholar
  11. GOST 30247.1-94. Fire resistance test methods. Bearing and enclosing structures. Standards Publishing, Moscow, 1996Google Scholar
  12. GOST 30403-96 Building structures. Method of determining fire hazard. Moscow, 1996Google Scholar
  13. Gousev AI, Paznikova SN, Kozhevnikova NS (2008) Enhancement of the fire resistance of timber constructions. Fire Explos Saf 15(3):30–35Google Scholar
  14. Haritonov VG, Hmelidze TP (1989) The behavior of glued timber beams at standard fire conditions. Fire resistance of building components and fire safety people and property. Fire Safety Research Institute of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  15. Holshchevnikov VV, Samoshin DA, Isaevich II (2009) Field studies of traffic. ASFS, Moscow, 191 pGoogle Scholar
  16. Janssens ML (2004) Modeling of the thermal degradation of structural wood members exposed to fire. Fire Mater 28:199–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Koshmarov YA (2000) Prognozing fire hazardous factors inside facilities. ASFS, Moscow, 120 pGoogle Scholar
  18. Koshmarov YA, Rubtsov VV (1999) The process of growth of fire hazardous factors in industrial buildings. IFS, Moscow, 90 pGoogle Scholar
  19. Koshmarov JA, Geraskov GV, Voinov AN, Molchadsky IS (1990) Mathematical modeling of charring during combustion of thermally thick material burning. FTHS, Moscow, pp 172–175Google Scholar
  20. Kovalchuk LM (2005) Production of glued laminated wood structures, 3rd edn. RIF Stroymaterialy, Moscow, 336 pGoogle Scholar
  21. National Standard of the Russian Federation EN 1991-1-2-2011, Eurocode 1: effects on structures – Part 1–2: main effects – effects on buildings in fire conditions. Moscow, 2011Google Scholar
  22. Puzach SV (2003) Mathematical modeling of gas dynamics and heat and mass transmission in solving problems of fire-explosion safety. Academy of the State Firefighting Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 264 pGoogle Scholar
  23. Roitman VM, Serkov BB, Shevkunenko YG, Sivenkov AB, Barinova EL, Pristupiuk DN (2013) Roitman VM (ed) Bulidings, structures and their fire-resistance, 2nd edn. ASFS, Moscow, 366 pGoogle Scholar
  24. Romanenkov IG, Zigern-Korn VN (1984) Fire resistance of building structures made of effective materials. Stroyizdat, Moscow, 240 pGoogle Scholar
  25. SP 2.13130.2009 Systems of fire protection. Providing fire resistance for protection objects. Moscow, 2009Google Scholar
  26. SP 64.13330.2011 Wood constructions. Current edition. SNiP II-25-80. Moscow, 2011Google Scholar
  27. STO 36554501-002-2006 Glued wood and all-wood construction. Moscow, 2006Google Scholar
  28. Strakhov VL, Kroutov AM, Davydkin AM (2000) Koshmarov YA (ed) Fire protection of building constructions. TIMR, Moscow, 433 pGoogle Scholar
  29. Vatin NI (2008) Long span bearing structures made of glued laminated wood. StroyProfil 1(63):38Google Scholar
  30. White RH, Nordheim EV (1992) Charring rate of wood for ASTM E 119 exposure. Fire Technol 28(1):5–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zoufal R, Kashpar Y (1986) Study of timber constructions in terms of fire safety. Bulletin of the Specialized Higher School, Sofia, pp 70–88Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roza Aseeva
    • 1
  • Boris Serkov
    • 1
  • Andrey Sivenkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Fire Safety in BuildingsState Fire Academy Ministry of Civil Protection and EmergencyMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations