Specificity of Structure and Properties of Timber Species

  • Roza Aseeva
  • Boris Serkov
  • Andrey Sivenkov
Part of the Springer Series in Wood Science book series (SSWOO)


This chapter describes the data related to micro- and macro-structure of deciduous and coniferous species, dry and wet density, and basic relationship between thermal conductivity, specific heat capacity, thermal diffusivity, thermal inertia and humidity, and density and anisotropy of various types of timber, and some genetic aspects of timber diversity are considered. The basic relationship between mechanical properties and ambient temperature is presented.


Coniferous Species Thermal Inertia Basic Density Deciduous Species Thermal Conductivity Coefficient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Afonin AA Palynometric analysis – assessing the level of aneuploidy and possible polyploidy in willow populations.
  2. Aleshina LA, Glazkova SV, Lugovskaya LA, et al (2001) Present-day concepts of cellulose structure. Chem Plant Mater (1):5–36Google Scholar
  3. Antonova GF (1999) Cell growth in coniferous trees. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 232 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Antonova GF (2000) Comparative analysis of lignification in summer and autumn wood of Siberian larch. In: Materials of the III international symposium “wood structure, properties and quality”. Institute of Forest of KNC RAS, Petrozavodsk, pp 27–29Google Scholar
  5. Antonova GF, Stasova VV, Konovalov NT, Konovalova NN (2002) Lignin distribution in structural elements of English oak wood. In: Proceedings of the II international conference for plant anatomy and morphology. SPbGLTA, St. Petersburg, pp 331–332Google Scholar
  6. Belyankin FP (1939) Mechanical characteristics of oak and pine timber. Academy of Sciences, Ukraine, KievGoogle Scholar
  7. Bobacz D (2008) Behavior of wood in case of fire. VDM Verlag Dr. Muller, 307 pGoogle Scholar
  8. Borodina NA (1982) Polyploidy in introduction of woody plants. Nauka, Moscow, 177 pGoogle Scholar
  9. Bui Din Than (2006) Impact of chemical components on fire-safety parameters of timber of Vietnam’s tropical species. PhD dissertation, ASFS, Moscow, 184 pGoogle Scholar
  10. Chudinov BS (1984) Water in wood. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 267 pGoogle Scholar
  11. Gamaley Yu V (2004) Transport system in vascular plants. Publishing House of SPb University, St. Petersburg, 424 pGoogle Scholar
  12. Glass SV, Felinka SL (2010) Chapter 4: Moisture relations and physical properties of wood. In: Forest Products Laboratory (ed) Wood handbook: wood as an engineering materials. FPL-GTR-190. Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, pp 1–19Google Scholar
  13. Golubovsky AM (2000) Age of genetics: evolution of ideas and notions. Borey Art, St. Petersburg, 263 pGoogle Scholar
  14. Goodwin T, Mercer E (1986) Introduction to plant biochemistry, 2 vols. Mir, Moscow, 396 pGoogle Scholar
  15. GOST 16483.34 – 77. Wood. Method of gas permeability determinationGoogle Scholar
  16. GOST 16483. Timber. Methods for determination of mechanical propertiesGoogle Scholar
  17. Greb NA, Dzyga NV (2004) Gas permeability of larch sapwood in radial and tangential directions. In: Proceedings of the IV international symposium on “wood structure, properties and quality-2004”, vol 1. SFTA, St. Petersburg, pp 212–213Google Scholar
  18. Grif VG (2007) Plant mutagenesis and phylogenesis. Cytology 49(6):433–441Google Scholar
  19. GSSSD 69–84. Timber. Parameters of mechanical properties of small clean specimens. Gosstandart of the USSR, 1984Google Scholar
  20. Janssens MA (1991) Thermal model for piloted ignition of wood including variable thermophysical properties. In: Proceedings of the third international symposium on fire safety science, pp 167–176Google Scholar
  21. Khmelidze TP, et al (1986) Change of elastic modulus of pine and larch wood at heat exposure. Wood-Work Ind (Russ) (7):8–9Google Scholar
  22. Kollmann F (1951) Technologie des Holzes und der Holzwerkstoffe. Berlin, Bd.1, 1050sGoogle Scholar
  23. Krutovsky KV (2006) From population genetics to population genomics of forest woody species: integrated population-genome approach. Genetics 42(10):1304–1318Google Scholar
  24. Moghtadery B, Novozhilov V, Fletcher D, Kent JH (1997) An integral model for the transient pyrolysis of solid materials. Fire Mater 21:7–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nyman C (1980) The effect of temperature and moisture on the strength of wood and gluelines VTT. Technical Research Centre of Finland, EspooGoogle Scholar
  26. Paul EE, Koukhta VN (2011) Dependence of timber mechanical properties on its density. For Hunt Econ (Russ) (10):20–23Google Scholar
  27. Perelman VI (1955) Chemist’s quick reference book. Scientific Technical Publishing House of Chemical Literature, Moscow, p 119Google Scholar
  28. Poluboyarinov OI (1976) Wood density. Lesnaya Promyshlennost, Moscow, 160 pGoogle Scholar
  29. Romanovsky MG (1994) Polymorphism of woody plants by quantitative features. Nauka, Moscow, 96 pGoogle Scholar
  30. Rykov RI (1980) Strength characteristics of timber at high temperatures (Irkutsk). In: Proceedings of symposium on fire resistance of wood structures. VTT. Technical Research Centre of Finland, EspooGoogle Scholar
  31. Shirnin VK, Maksimenko AP, Kostrikin VA (2004) Peculiarities of xylogenesis and quality of forest tree wood in Eastern Priazovye. In: Proceedings of the IV international symposium on “wood structure, properties and quality-2004”, vol 1. SFTA, St. Petersburg, pp 149–152Google Scholar
  32. Siau JF (1984) Transport processes in wood. Springer, Berlin/Tokyo, 301 рCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Simms DL, Law M (1967) The ignition of wet and dry wood by radiation. Combust Flame 11:377–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sivenkov AB (2002) Reducing fire safety of cellulose-based materials. PhD dissertation, ASFS, Moscow, 193pGoogle Scholar
  35. SP 64.13330.2011. Timber structures. Updated edition of SNiP II-25-80. Moscow 2011Google Scholar
  36. Spearpoint MJ, Quintiere JG (2001) Prediction the piloted ignition of wood in the cone calorimeters using an integral model. Fire Saf J 36:391–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tkhan BD, Serkov BB, Sivenkov AB, Aseeva RM (2006) Study of mechanical properties of some tropical timber species. Constructional materials of the 21st century (Russia), No. 6(89), pp 42–43Google Scholar
  38. Tran HC, White RH (1992) Burning rate of solid wood measured in a heat release rate calorimeter. Fire Mater 16:197–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tsarev AP, Pogiba SP, Trenin VV (2000) Genetics of forest tress species. Publishing House of PGU, Petrozavodsk, 338 pGoogle Scholar
  40. Tuskan GA et al (2006) The genome of black cottonwood, Populus trichocarpa. Science 313(5793):1596–1604PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ugolev BN (2001) Wood science with fundamentals of forest merchandizing. Publishing House of MGUL, Moscow, 340 pGoogle Scholar
  42. Volynsky VN (2006) Interrelation and variability of timber mechanical properties. AGTU Publishers, Arkhangelsk, 196 pGoogle Scholar
  43. Zhdanov VM (1990) Evolution of viruses, 2 vols. Meditsina, Moscow, 376 pGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roza Aseeva
    • 1
  • Boris Serkov
    • 1
  • Andrey Sivenkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Fire Safety in BuildingsState Fire Academy Ministry of Civil Protection and EmergencyMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations