Salinity Tolerant Turfgrasses for Biosaline Urban Landscape Agriculture

Chapter
Part of the Tasks for Vegetation Science book series (TAVS, volume 47)

Abstract

Critical fresh water shortages are occurring in population centers worldwide. Overuse of fresh water resources, coupled with effects of global warming such as salt water intrusion and desertification, are resulting in salinization of water and soil resources. Rapid urban population growth has put enormous pressures on limited freshwater supplies, and many governments have responded by placing restrictions on the use of fresh water for irrigating turfgrass landscapes, instead requiring use of reclaimed, or other secondary saline water sources. Issues facing landscape managers using saline water sources are soil salinization, resulting in direct salt injury, and secondary problems of loss of soil structure ensuing from sodium and bicarbonate effects, resulting in loss of salt leaching potential and soil anaerobiosis. Long-term solutions to the salinity problem will require development of improved salinity tolerant turfgrasses. Progress has been made in understanding turfgrass salinity tolerance mechanisms, and in development of salinity tolerant turfgrass cultivars and alternate native species.

Keywords

Salinity Tolerance Osmotic Adjustment Salt Gland Sodium Adsorption Ratio Exchangeable Sodium Percentage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

CEC

cation exchange capacity

dS m−1

decisiemens per meter

EC

electrical conductivity

ECe

electrical conductivity of saturated paste extract

ESP

exchangeable sodium percentage

Ksat

saturated hydraulic conductivity

LF

leaching fraction

mho cm−1

mhos per centimeter

ppm

parts per million

PR

precipitation rate

SAR

sodium adsorption ratio

TDS

total dissolved solids

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aridland AgricultureUnited Arab Emirates UniversityAbu DhabiUAE

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