Salinity Tolerant Turfgrasses for Biosaline Urban Landscape Agriculture

  • Kenneth B. Marcum
Part of the Tasks for Vegetation Science book series (TAVS, volume 47)


Critical fresh water shortages are occurring in population centers worldwide. Overuse of fresh water resources, coupled with effects of global warming such as salt water intrusion and desertification, are resulting in salinization of water and soil resources. Rapid urban population growth has put enormous pressures on limited freshwater supplies, and many governments have responded by placing restrictions on the use of fresh water for irrigating turfgrass landscapes, instead requiring use of reclaimed, or other secondary saline water sources. Issues facing landscape managers using saline water sources are soil salinization, resulting in direct salt injury, and secondary problems of loss of soil structure ensuing from sodium and bicarbonate effects, resulting in loss of salt leaching potential and soil anaerobiosis. Long-term solutions to the salinity problem will require development of improved salinity tolerant turfgrasses. Progress has been made in understanding turfgrass salinity tolerance mechanisms, and in development of salinity tolerant turfgrass cultivars and alternate native species.


Salinity Tolerance Osmotic Adjustment Salt Gland Sodium Adsorption Ratio Exchangeable Sodium Percentage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



cation exchange capacity

dS m−1

decisiemens per meter


electrical conductivity


electrical conductivity of saturated paste extract


exchangeable sodium percentage


saturated hydraulic conductivity


leaching fraction

mho cm−1

mhos per centimeter


parts per million


precipitation rate


sodium adsorption ratio


total dissolved solids


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aridland AgricultureUnited Arab Emirates UniversityAbu DhabiUAE

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