The Argentine Federal Legislative System
The essay analyzes the tensions in Argentina, a federal country, between federal and provincial (state) legislative power. At the time the Argentine Constitution was enacted, over 150 years ago, and despite having used the U.S. Constitution as a model, the federal government was given tremendous power to enact centralized regulations. This led some of the founding fathers to define the country as “a Unitarian Federation”, whose main feature is the existence of a unified code system for the whole country. Notwithstanding attempts made through several constitutional amendments to increase decentralization, most legislation is still federally enacted, while only minor matters remain within the powers of the provinces.