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Identification of Volatile Compounds from Flowers and Aromatic Plants: How and Why?

  • A. Bialecki
  • Jacqueline Smadja
Conference paper

Abstract

When working on volatile compounds from plants, the objectives are multiples and can be summarized in four points: (1) Research of bioactive molecules, (2) Chemotaxonomic studies, (3) Applications in perfume industry, (4) Plant-insect interactions. Each of these four points will be discussed and illustrated by one or several examples of research projects conducted in the Chemistry Laboratory of Natural Substances and Food Sciences. The first two points exclusively concern volatile compounds generated by essential oils extracted from endemic or indigenous plants of Reunion, Mauritius and Madagascar islands. The two last points are dedicated to volatiles found in the airspace (headspace) surrounding flowers. This paper will also present a selection of sampling methods for volatile compounds that range from conventional, inexpensive, solvent-free, quick sampling methods to innovative methods, as well as an overview of detection and identification methods of volatiles including GC-FID and GC-MS.

Keywords

Volatile Compound Retention Index Steam Distillation Plant Volatile Fatty Acid Derivative 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Regional Council of La Réunion. The authors wish to express their gratefulness to Hermann Thomas and Max Félicité for their help in plant material collection.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances Naturelles et des Sciences des Aliments, Faculté des Sciences et TechnologiesUniversité de La RéunionSaint-Denis cedex 9France

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