Workshop on Unlocking the Potential for Low-Cost Teaching in Third World Countries

  • Jared C. Ogunde
  • Antony J. Rest
  • Raymond G. Wallace
Conference paper

Abstract

The sciences, i.e. Biology, Chemistry and Physics, together with Mathematics are regarded as difficult by students, especially in third World Countries, with the consequences that the number of students taking them was relatively small, courses are expensive to stage, students get low grades, and the number of students embarking on careers in these subjects is small whereas the needs for indigenous scientists, engineers, technicians and medical practitioners are huge. A Workshop was organised at ICPAC 2012 to highlight and address the problems and to promote “hands-on” Chemistry and “live” Chemistry via multimedia resources. In order that these resources can be available to both urban and rural students, the participants were introduced to the Chemistry Aid solar classrooms whereby rural students could gain access to IT and modern teaching and learning via low cost solar equipment which could be used both for schools and in their communities. Other modern technology was also demonstrated which could enable on-line resources to be customised for science curricula. To enable students to realise that Chemistry is all around them, low cost resources and experiments using chemicals available in kitchen and supermarkets were demonstrated in an interactive session. The practicalities of making the new resources available via grants and sponsorship were part of a “brainstorming” session. Feedback from participants was very positive about solar classrooms and “hands-on” Kitchen and Supermarket Chemistry using plastic equipment.

Keywords

Workshop Participant Rural School Chemistry Teaching Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate Multimedia Resource 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge support from Chemistry Aid colleagues, the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Educational Techniques Group Trust (a sub-group of the Educational Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry), the Chemistry Video Consortium (CVC), the University of Southampton, Nottingham Trent University, Chemistry Aid and Chemistry Aid colleagues, and the Scientific Advisory and Information Network (SAIN) of Kenya. The authors would also like to thank the Organising Committee of ICPAC for the opportunity to present the Workshop at ICPAC 2012 and for the supply of chemicals and equipment used in the Workshop.

References

  1. 1.
    Osborne CJ, Rest AJ (2004) Chemistry aid. Royal Society of Chemistry News, June issue, p 7Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Skinner J (1998) Microscale chemistry. Royal Society of Chemistry, UK. www.amazon.co.uk/Microscale-Chemistry-Experiments-John-Skinner/dp/1870343492 and www.Microscale.org/about.asp
  3. 3.
    Rest AJ (1998) Practical laboratory chemistry. Chemistry Video Consortium and Viewtech Educational Media, see www.Chemistry-aid.com/products and www.viewtech.co.uk
  4. 4.
    Lister T, Rest AJ (2000) Practical chemistry for schools and colleges. Chemistry Video Consortium and Royal Society of Chemistry, see www.Chemistry-aid.com/products
  5. 5.
    Skinner J (1998) Microscale chemistry. Royal Society of Chemistry, London, experiments 24–30Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Selco JI, Bruno M, Chan S (2012) Students doing chemistry: a hand-on experience for K-12. J Chem Educ 89:206–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lister T, Blumenthal H (2005) Kitchen chemistry. Royal Society of Chemistry, UK, see www.rsc.org/learn- Chemistry/resource/listing?searchtext = Kitchen + Chemistry
  8. 8.
    Jadoloh A, Johnson J, Ogunde J, K’osura H, Rest T, Wilkinson K (2010) Using solar generators to support IT and “hands-on” science in developing countries. In 5th international conference on ICT for development, education and training in Africa, Lusaka, Zambia, paper D5, p 373. www.Chemistry-aid.com/news
  9. 9.
    Brattan D, Burdett N, Curry P, Jadoloh A, Johnson J, Abu Bakar M, Ogunde J, Rest T, Selco J, Sleightholme G, Wallace R, Wilkinson K (2009) High-tech and low-tech solutions to providing “hands-on” experiences of chemistry. Paper S301_003, 42nd IUPAC conference, GlasgowGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lister T (2007) Alchemy? Chemistry and industrial processes for schools and colleges. Royal Society of Chemistry, see www.docstoc.com/330355/FOR-SCHOOLS-AND-COLLEGES
  11. 11.
    Water Aid – Clean water and sanitation for Africa, Asia and South America. www.wateraid.org
  12. 12.
    Global Finnish Dry Toilet project. www.drytoilet.org/intro.html. Accessed Oct 2013
  13. 13.
    Elecanal-Guavais AM, Bin Hitam R, Rest A (2010) Supporting chemistry in South East Asia via chemistry aid. Asian Pacific Education Research Conference, Kuala Lumpur. Accessed Oct 2013Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jared C. Ogunde
    • 1
  • Antony J. Rest
    • 2
  • Raymond G. Wallace
    • 3
  1. 1.Scientific Advisory and Information Network (SAIN) and Chemistry Aid KenyaNairobiKenya
  2. 2.Chemistry Video Consortium, Educational Techniques Group Trust of the Royal Society of Chemistry (UK) and Chemistry AidUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  3. 3.Educational Techniques Group Trust of the Royal Society of Chemistry (UK), Chemistry Aid, and School of Science and TechnologyNottingham Trent UniversityNottinghamUK

Personalised recommendations