Cenozoic Atmospheres and Early Hominins

  • Andrew Y. GliksonEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTH)


The Cenozoic era includes four components (A) post K-T impact warming culminating with the Paleocene-Eocene hyperthermal at ~55 Ma; (B) long term cooling ending with a sharp temperature plunge toward formation of the Antarctic ice sheet from 32 Ma; (C) a post-32 Ma era dominated by the Antarctic ice sheet, including limited thermal rises in the end-Oligocene, mid-Miocene and end-Pliocene, and (D) Pleistocene glacial-interglacial cycles. Hominin evolution in Africa occurred during a transition from tropical to dry climates punctuated by alternating periods of extreme orbital forcing-induced glacial-interglacial cycles, suggesting variability selection of Hominids.


Benthic Foraminifera Stone Culture Temperature Rise Rate Glacial Termination Indian Ocean Monsoon 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Archaeology and AnthropologyAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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