An English Perspective
In this chapter, a brief overview of the history and development of the school system in England is presented, along with an attempt to set the changes the system has undergone since 1944 in a wider historical context. The roots of the current radical reform of the “system” are discerned in the Thatcherite reforms of the 1980s and early 1990s, which have continued unabated and in increasingly radical form under the Conservative-dominated coalition from 2010. This background is presented as a way of understanding the striking findings on school leadership priorities and styles in the LISA study, which show results for England that differ in significant ways from patterns seen in other participant countries, in particular in the strength of the instructional leadership style in English school leadership. This chapter sets out to show how this leadership context has arisen and point to ways in which it is likely to evolve further in the immediate future.
KeywordsLeadership Style School Leadership Governing Body School Choice Head Teacher
- Adonis, A. (2012). Education, education, education: Reforming England’s schools. London: Biteback Publishing.Google Scholar
- Benn, M. (2011). School wars: The battle for Britain’s education. London: Verso Books.Google Scholar
- Brauckmann, S., & Pashiardis, P. (2009, November 5–7). The LISA project: Situational governance and situational leadership- exploring their foundations in an European context. Paper presented during the LISA conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
- Hargreaves, A., & Shirley, D. L. (2009). The fourth way: The inspiring future for educational change. Newbury Park, CA: Corwin Press.Google Scholar
- Jerrim, J. (2011, December). England’s “plummeting” PISA test scores between 2000 and 2009: Is the performance of our secondary school pupils really in relative decline? (Working Paper No. 11-09). London: IoE DoQSS.Google Scholar
- Mourshed, M., Chichioke, C., & Barber, M. (2010). How the world’s most improved school systems keep getting better. London: McKinsey and Co.Google Scholar
- Oates, T. (2010). Could do better: Using international comparisons to refine the National Curriculum in England. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Assessment.Google Scholar
- Pashiardis, P., & Brauckmann, S. (2008, November 13–15). Introduction to the LISA framework from a social system’s perspective. Paper presented during the LISA conference, Budapest, Hungary.Google Scholar
- The Framework for the National Curriculum – A report by the Expert Panel for the National Curriculum Review. (2011). HM Government (www.education.gov.uk), UK.
- The Importance of Teaching: The Schools White Paper. (2010). HM Government (www.education.gov.uk), UK.
- UNICEF. (2007). Child poverty in perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries. UNICEF. Florence, Italy: Innocenti Research Centre.Google Scholar
- West-Burnham, J. (2009). Rethinking educational leadership: From improvement to transformation. London: Continuum.Google Scholar