Advertisement

An Italian Perspective

  • Antonino Petrolino
  • Antonello Giannelli
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, it is argued that for 150 years, the Italian school system has been relatively stable and very centralized, following a bureaucratic pattern mostly inherited from the French one. During the last 15 years, its status may well be summarized as a condition of suspended animation: many reforms, some of them really innovative have taken place, but almost no change in practice. Something has changed, however, as the authors argue. Schools are bound by an increasing number of obligations concerning accountability. It is what the authors have come to label as “the Italian paradox: you have to be accountable for the decisions and the practices that someone else choses on your behalf.” And the accountability rather concerns the compliance with the received directives, instead of the learning outcomes. Nevertheless, LISA-based evidence shows that the system stays alive and substantially in line with what happens in the other European countries, which participated in the LISA project.

Keywords

Leadership Style School Principal School Leader School Choice School Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (1991). Leadership management effectiveness: A multi-frame, multi-sector analysis. Human Resource Management, 30, 509–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brauckmann, S., & Pashiardis, P. (2011). A validation study of the leadership styles of a holistic leadership theoretical framework. International Journal of Educational Management, 25(1), 11–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hallinger, P. (2000). A review of two decades of research on the principalship using the principal instructional management rating scale. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar
  4. Hersey, P., & Blanchard, K. (1988). Management of organizational behavior: Utilizing human resources (5th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  5. LD n. 297, April 16th 1994, published in the Italian Republic Official Journal of May 19th 1994, Consolidation Act of Laws on Education.Google Scholar
  6. LD n. 112, March 31st 1998, published in the Italian Republic Official Journal of April 21st 1998, Delegation of powers from the Italian State to Regions, Provinces, Municipalities. Google Scholar
  7. LD n. 165, March 30th 2001, published in the Italian Republic Official Journal of May 9th 2001, Consolidation Act of Laws on civil servantswork condition within the Public Administrations.Google Scholar
  8. LD n. 286, November 19th 2004, published in the Italian Republic Official Journal of December 1st 2004, Establishment of the Institute for the evaluation in Education (INVALSI).Google Scholar
  9. LD n. 235, November 21st 2007, published in the Italian Republic Official Journal of December 18th 2007, By-laws on Studentsrights and dutiesAmendment of the previous Statutes.Google Scholar
  10. Leithwood, K., Jantzi, D., & Fernandez, A. (1994). Transformational leadership and teachers’ commitment to change. In J. Murphy & K. S. Louis (Eds.), Reshaping the principalship: Insights from transformational reform efforts (pp. 77–98). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.Google Scholar
  11. Ministry of Education. (2009, August 6). Ministerial Directive n. 76.Google Scholar
  12. Pashiardis, P. (2004). Educational leadership: From the era of benevolent neglect to the current era. Athens, Greece: Metaichmio Publications.Google Scholar
  13. Pashiardis, P., & Brauckmann, S. (2008, November 13–15). Introduction to the LISA framework from a social systems perspective. Paper presented during the LISA conference, Budapest, Hungary.Google Scholar
  14. PD n. 275, March 8th 1999, published in the Italian Republic Official Journal of August 10th 1999, Regulation Act concerning the autonomy of schools.Google Scholar
  15. PD n. 87, 88 and 89, March 15th 2010, published in the Italian Republic Official Journal of June 15th 2010, Regulation Act on reordering of upper secondary school system.Google Scholar
  16. Printy, S. M. (2008). Leadership for teacher learning: A community of practice perspective. Educational Administration Quarterly, 44(2), 187–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Youngs, P., & King, M. B. (2002). Principal leadership for professional development to build school capacity. Educational Administration Quarterly, 38(5), 643–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ANP “Associazione nazionale dirigenti e alte professionalità della scuola”RomaItaly

Personalised recommendations