An Italian Perspective

  • Antonino Petrolino
  • Antonello Giannelli


In this chapter, it is argued that for 150 years, the Italian school system has been relatively stable and very centralized, following a bureaucratic pattern mostly inherited from the French one. During the last 15 years, its status may well be summarized as a condition of suspended animation: many reforms, some of them really innovative have taken place, but almost no change in practice. Something has changed, however, as the authors argue. Schools are bound by an increasing number of obligations concerning accountability. It is what the authors have come to label as “the Italian paradox: you have to be accountable for the decisions and the practices that someone else choses on your behalf.” And the accountability rather concerns the compliance with the received directives, instead of the learning outcomes. Nevertheless, LISA-based evidence shows that the system stays alive and substantially in line with what happens in the other European countries, which participated in the LISA project.


Leadership Style School Principal School Leader School Choice School Policy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ANP “Associazione nazionale dirigenti e alte professionalità della scuola”RomaItaly

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