Advertisement

Hacking the City: Disability and Access in Cities Made of Software

  • David Cake
  • Mike Kent
Chapter
Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 108)

Abstract

Citizens with impairments manage a disabling environment of barriers, borders, walls, steps and inconvenience. Yet there have been transformations of buildings, roads and signs after decades of activism. Cake and Kent investigate how this analogue history applies to digital environments. The imperative for universal design – being aware of the multiple uses and literacies that approach any product of environment – is crucial when enabling a digital city.

Keywords

Urban Environment Disable People Social Model Universal Design Digital City 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ackerman, S. (2011, January 28). Egypt’s internet shutdown can’t stop mass protests. Wired. http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2011/01/egypts-internet-shutdown-cant-stop-mass-protests/#more-39575
  2. Balasubramaniam, S., Lewis, G. A., Simanta, S., & Smith, D. B. (2008). Situated software: Concepts, motivation, technology, and the future. IEE Software, 25(6), 50–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Birkett, D. (2011, February 21). End this arts apartheid. The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/feb/21/disability-galleries-theatres-access-tate
  4. Campbell, F. K. (2001). Inciting legal fictions: ‘Disability’s date with ontology and the Ableist body of the law. Griffith Law Review, 2, 42–62.Google Scholar
  5. Campbell, F. K. (2008). Exploring internalised ableism using critical race theory. Disability and Society, 23(2), 151–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Centre for Universal Design. (1997). The Principles of Universal Design. Raleigh: North Carolina State University. http://www.ncsu.edu/www/ncsu/design/sod5/cud/pubs_p/docs/poster.pdf
  7. Church, R. L., & Marston, J. R. (2003, January). Measuring accessibility for people with a disability. Geographical Analysis, 35(1), 83–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Driedger, D. (1989). The last civil rights movement: Disabled people international. London: Hurst.Google Scholar
  9. Ellis, K. (2008). Disabling diversity: The social construction of disability in 1990s Australian National Cinema. Saarbrucken: VDM-Verlag.Google Scholar
  10. Ellis, K., & Kent, M. (2008, July). iTunes is pretty (useless) when you’re blind: Digital design is triggering disability when it could be a solution. M/C Journal, 11(3). http://journal.media-culture.org.au/index.php/mcjournal/article/viewArticle/55
  11. Ellis, K., & Kent, M. (2010a). Disability and new media. New York/London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Ellis, K., & Kent, M. (2010b). Community accessibility: Tweeters take responsibility an accessible Web 2.0. Fast Capitalism, 7(1). http://www.uta.edu/huma/agger/fastcapitalism/7_1/elliskent7_1.html
  13. Finkelstein, V. (2002, February). The social model of disability repossessed. Coalition. http://disability-studies.leeds.ac.uk/files/library/finkelstein-soc-mod-repossessed.pdf
  14. Froyen, H., Verdonck, E., De Meester, D., & Heylighen, A. (2009). Documenting handicap situations and eliminations through Universal Design Patterns. Australasian Medical Journal, 1(12), 199–203.Google Scholar
  15. Goggin, G., & Newell, C. (2003). Digital disability: The social construction of disability in new media. Oxford: Rowman& Littlefield.Google Scholar
  16. Hill, D. (2008, February 11). The street as platform. Sound of City. http://www.cityofsound.com/blog/2008/02/the-street-as-p.html
  17. Hughes, B. (2002). Disability and the body. In C. Barnes, M. Oliver, & L. Barton (Eds.), Disability studies today. Malden: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  18. Imrie, R. (2001). Barriered and bound places and the spatialities of disability. Urban Studies, 38(2), 231–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ingram, M. (2011, April 28). New York City sees its future as a data platform. GigaOM. http://gigaom.com/2011/04/28/new-york-city-sees-its-future-as-a-data-platform/
  20. Jones, M. (2009, September 20). The city is a battlesuit for surviving the future. io9.com. http://io9.com/#!5362912/the-city-is-a-battlesuit-for-surviving-the-future
  21. Jones, M. (2010, January). People are walking architecture or making NearlyNets with MujiComp. Paper presented at TechnoArk, Sierre. http://www.scribd.com/doc/31533915/People-Are-Walking-Architecture-or-making-NearlyNets-with-MujiComp-January-2010
  22. Jones, N. L. (2011). The Americans with Disability Act: Application the Internet. In D. B. Bernardino (Ed.), Emerging technology issues for people with disabilities. New York: Nova.Google Scholar
  23. Kent, M. (2008, December). Digital divide 2.0 and the digital subaltern. Nebula, (16), 84–97. www.nobleworld.biz/images/Kent3.pdf
  24. Lavery, I., Davey, S., Woodside, A., & Ewart, K. (1996). The vital role of street design and management in reducing barriers to older peoples’ mobility. Landscape and Urban Planning, 35, 181–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Livingston, K. (2000, July). When architecture disables: Teaching undergraduates to perceive ableism in the built environment. Teaching Sociology, 28(3), 182–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lowenhaupt, T. (2010, September 17). IGF Vilnius: City-TLD Governance Workshop. http://www.coactivate.org/projects/campaign-for.nyc/vilnius-workshop-report
  27. Manley, S. (1996). Walls of exclusion: The role of local authorities in creating barrier free streets. Landscape and Urban Planning, 35, 137–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Neumann, P., & Uhlenkueken, C. (2001). Assistive technology and the barrier-free city: A case study from Germany. Urban Studies, 38(2), 367–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Oliver, M. (1990). The politics of disablement. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  30. Pendo, E. (2010). Taking it to the streets: A public right-of-way project for disability law. Saint Louis University Law Journal, 54, 901–915.Google Scholar
  31. Rose, M. L. (2003). The staff of Oedipus. Transforming disability in ancient Greece. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  32. Scotch, R. K. (1989). Politics and policy in the history of the disability rights movement. The Milbank Quarterly, 67(Suppl. 2, Pt 2), 380–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shirky, C. (2004, March 30). Situated software in Clay Shirky’s writings about the Internet. Networks, Economics, and Culture. http://www.shirky.com/writings/situated_software.html
  34. Siebers, T. (2008). Disability theory. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  35. Thomas, C. (2002). Disability theory: Key ideas, issues and thinkers. In C. Barnes, M. Oliver, & L. Barton (Eds.), Disability studies today. Malden: Polity Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electronic Frontiers AustraliaPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Internet StudiesCurtin UniversityBentleyAustralia

Personalised recommendations