Conservation Needs and Early Concerns

  • Donald P. A. Sands
  • Tim R. New


The general and urgent need for conservation of O. richmondia devolves largely on the losses of rainforests in the region, a process that has had severe impacts on many native animals and plants, and for which the Richmond birdwing has become a notable flagship species to publicise the less heralded plight of many other invertebrates, and also some of the basic principles of landscape ecology and the critical specialised needs of interdependences between species in communities. Whilst loss of lowland rainforests of subtropical eastern Australia, and the food plant vine P. praevenosa are regarded as principal threats to the Richmond birdwing, the implications of those losses are very broad, despite notional formal protection of the communities. As emphasised earlier, suitable forest areas are now highly fragmented. In Queensland, this type of lowland rainforest survives only as fragments near the coast along Kin Kin Creek, east of Pomona, near Caloundra, and at Burleigh Heads National Park. Lower sub-coastal birdwing habitats are further inland on ridges and low valleys of the Blackall, Conondale and D’Aguilar Ranges, at Mount Tamborine, and NSW Border Ranges. In NSW there are coastal birdwing habitats in national parks, patchily distributed from the Tweed River, Byron Bay and Broken Head National Parks on the coast, and on Mount Warning and further inland near Mallanganee, near the Richmond Range. Although the vine was previously known in the area, it is not known if there are any rainforests where P. praevenosa is currently present in the Clarence River Catchment, where almost all riparian rainforest was cleared for grazing cattle in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The conservation status of P. praevenosa has been evaluated by the State Government, to be ‘lower risk’ in Queensland while the vine is not considered to have conservation significance in New South Wales.


Food Plant Recovery Plan Prolonged Drought Invasive Weed Exotic Grass 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald P. A. Sands
    • 1
  • Tim R. New
    • 2
  1. 1.Ecosystem SciencesCSIROBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyLa Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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