The Origin of Mites: Fossil History and Relationships

  • David Evans Walter
  • Heather C. Proctor
Chapter

Abstract

Mites are members of the arthropod subphylum Chelicerata, a group with a long fossil history of about 500 million years (Dunlop 2010) (Fig. 2.1). The earliest chelicerate fossils are known from the Cambrian and appear to be related to a group of anomalous arthropods with large, raptorial anterior appendages in place of antennae (Haug et al. 2012). Within the Chelicerata, the mites are placed among the terrestrial lineages known as the Arachnida. Thus, to understand the origin of mites, we must peer back through the mists of time and seek answers to these basic questions: What is an arthropod? Why are chelicerate arthropods different from other arthropods? What does it mean to be an arachnid? Which arachnids are the closest relatives of mites?

Keywords

Horseshoe Crab Oribatid Mite Sister Group Relationship Segment VIII Genital Papilla 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Evans Walter
    • 1
  • Heather C. Proctor
    • 2
  1. 1.Invertebrate ZoologyUniversity of the Sunshine Coast Royal Alberta MuseumEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Biological SciencesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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