Infrastructure Modeling: Status and Applications

  • R. J. Leclaire
  • D. Pasqualini
  • J. S. Dreicer
  • G. L. Toole
  • N. M. Urban
  • R. W. Bent
  • T. N. Mcpherson
  • N. W. Hengartner
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

Protecting the Nation’s infrastructure from intentional attacks and natural disasters, including extreme weather events and climate change, is a major national security concern that has only become more critical since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 (This chapter focuses on the work performed at LANL concerning the protection of the critical infrastructures of the United States (the ‘Nation’); however the modeling concepts discussed here are generally applicable). Understanding potential weaknesses of infrastructure assets and how interdependencies across critical infrastructure affect their behavior is essential to predicting and mitigating single and cascading failures, as well as to planning for response and recovery and future infrastructure development. Modeling and simulation (M&S) is an indispensable part of characterizing this complex system of systems and anticipating its response to disruptions. With the advent of more sophisticated infrastructure M&S capabilities, the possible applications have expanded to include the security challenges faced by the U.S. military, which relies on sustainable energy resources and needs to address environmental challenges and husband its water resources. Another key area where infrastructure modeling can play a critical role is in addressing global warming concerns given changes in available technology, evolution of the energy mix toward renewable resources, and many other infrastructure-related factors.

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), a U.S. Department of Energy research laboratory tasked with national and energy security concerns, is at the forefront in the development of sophisticated infrastructure M&S capabilities and provides timely analysis of natural and manmade challenges to the infrastructure. This chapter explores the use of infrastructure models by presenting a representative cross- section of the models developed at LANL and some of the analyses completed with them.

Keywords

Emergency Medical Service Fragility Curve Latin Hypercube Sampling Critical Infrastructure Expected Utility Maximization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Leclaire
    • 1
  • D. Pasqualini
    • 1
  • J. S. Dreicer
    • 2
  • G. L. Toole
    • 3
  • N. M. Urban
    • 4
  • R. W. Bent
    • 5
  • T. N. Mcpherson
    • 5
  • N. W. Hengartner
    • 6
  1. 1.Energy and Infrastructure Analysis Group, Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  2. 2.Science, Technology and Engineering directorateLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  3. 3.Information Sciences GroupLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  4. 4.Computational Physics and Methods GroupLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  5. 5.Energy and infrastructures groupLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA
  6. 6.Theoretical Biology and biophysics groupLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

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