Radiosurgery for Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors

  • Anand Veeravagu
  • Cassie Ludwig
  • Bowen Jiang
  • Steven D. Chang
Part of the Tumors of the Central Nervous System book series (TCNS, volume 11)


Intrinsic intramedullary spinal cord tumors (ISCTs) account for 8–10 % of all primary spinal cord tumors, while intramedullary spinal cord metastases (ISCMs) account for less than 5 % of all spinal tumors. While the overall survival of patients with primary ISCTs varies greatly with histology, ISCMs maintain a poor prognosis with a median overall survival of 4 months following diagnosis. Standard of care for both primary ISCTs and ISCMs often includes a combination of surgical resection, conventional external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), steroids, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and stereotactic radiosurgery (CyberKnife, LINAC, Gamma Knife). With greater access and application of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in the treatment of ISCTs, data is beginning to accrue regarding patient outcomes. In this chapter, the authors review the present literature surrounding the safety and efficacy of SRS in the treatment of ISCTs and present a sample institutional experience of CyberKnife SRS.


Renal Cell Carcinoma External Beam Radiation Therapy Gamma Knife Stereotactic Radiosurgery Spinal Cord Tumor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anand Veeravagu
    • 1
  • Cassie Ludwig
    • 1
  • Bowen Jiang
    • 1
  • Steven D. Chang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryStanford University Medical CenterStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurosurgery, Robert C. and Jeannette Powell Professor in the NeurosciencesStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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