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The Arcachon Bay Estuary: A “Collage” of Landscapes

  • Frédéric BertrandEmail author
Chapter
Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

The Arcachon Bay is a typical semi-sheltered lagoon located on the Atlantic coast of France, facing the wave-dominated shelf of the Bay of Biscay. Its long-term evolution was controlled by the development of the Cap Ferret barrier spit and the establishment of a tide ebb-dominant barrier system leading to a spatial split of the bay in two parts: (a) the inner lagoon mostly composed of tidal flats and (b) the outer lagoon with higher hydrological capacities where a large-scale tidal inlet is bordered by the largest coastal dune in Europe. The identification of major interactive sedimentary environments with reference to their representative and complementary characteristics leads to a deductive selection of five landforms supporting oyster cultivation and various recreational (sportfishing, sailing, ecotourism) activities of both economic and landscape value.

Keywords

Biogeomorphology Barrier system Salt marsh Coastal dune Land reclamation Coastal management 

Notes

Acknowledgments

 The author thanks the University of Maryland (http://glcf.umiacs.umd.edu/data/glopem) for providing the Landsat ETM + data for analysis.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyParis-Sorbonne University, Institut de GéographieParisFrance

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