Advertisement

In the Folds of the Earth: French Prealpine Geomorphological Landscapes

  • Fabien HobléaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

The French Prealps constitute the Western margin of the Alpine range. They are composed of about 20 distinct massifs. Their geomorphological landscapes are typical of sedimentary folded relief, but the combination of several physical and human factors introduces nuances and diversity between the Northern and Southern Prealps as well as between the Prealpine s.s. and Subalpine massifs. In 2012, the Prealps host the four French members of the European and Global Geoparks Network. One of them, the Bauges Massif Regional Nature Park, is taken as the example of archetypal subalpine folded and karstified relief, famous for its perched synclines, its caves, and its karst waters which supply the two largest natural lakes in France. At last, Mont Granier, in the Chartreuse Massif, is presented as one of the major geomorphosites of the Northern Prealps, which offers many scientific interests regarding the rock failure of 1248, karst development, and associated paleontological remains of cave bears.

Keywords

French Prealps Geomorphological landscape Folded relief Karst, geomorphosite Geopark 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author thanks very much for their contribution to the writing and the illustration of the text: Dr. Stéphanie Gallino-Josnin, Mr. Jean-Luc Desbois, and Mrs. Carole Vanesse from the Massif des Bauges Regional Nature Park and Geopark; Mr. Pierre Renau and Dr. Carine Peisser (CalcEre); Mr. Robert Durand, Didier Monin, and Jacques Nant (CDS 73), Mr. André Paillet, Ms. Estelle Ployon, Dr. Nathalie Cayla, and Dr. Sylvain Coutterand (lab Edytem); special thanks to Prof. Monique Fort (University Paris-Diderot) and Prof. Marie-Françoise André (Université Blaise Pascal-Clermont-Ferrand) for their trust as coeditors of this book.

References

  1. Bintz P, Griggo C (2011) Climats et premiers peuplements des Alpes du Nord françaises: des derniers chasseurs aux premiers paysans (15 000 à 5 000 ans av. JC.). English edition: Climate and early settlements of the French Northern Alps: From the last hunters to the first farmers (15 000 to 5 000 BC). Revue de primatologie [on line], 3|2011, document 13. URL: http://primatologie.revues.org/789; doi: 10.4000/primatologie.789
  2. Blanchard R (1938) Les Alpes occidentales. Tome 1: Les Préalpes Françaises du Nord. Arthaud, ParisGoogle Scholar
  3. Blanchard R (1947) Les Alpes occidentales. Tome 2: Les cluses préalpines et le sillon alpin. Arthaud, ParisGoogle Scholar
  4. Blanchard R (1938–1956) Les Alpes occidentales. Arthaud, ParisGoogle Scholar
  5. Coward M, Dietrich D (1989) Alpine Tectonics – an overview. In: Coward MP, Dietrich D, Park RG (eds) Alpine Tectonics, vol 45, Geological Society Special Publication. Geological Society, London, pp 1–29Google Scholar
  6. Debelmas J (1979) Découverte géologique des Alpes du Nord. BRGM, OrléansGoogle Scholar
  7. Fort M, Cossart E, Deline P, Dzikowski M, Nicoud G, Ravanel L, Schoeneich P, Wassmer P (2009) Geomorphic impacts of large and rapid mass movements; a review. Géomorphologie: Relief Processus Environnement 1:59–74Google Scholar
  8. Gratier JP, Ménard G, Arpin R (1989) Strain-displacement compatibility and restoration of the Chaînes Subalpines of the western Alps. In: Coward MP, Dietrich D, Park RG (eds) Alpine tectonics, vol 45, Geological Society Special Publication. Geological Society, London, pp 65–81Google Scholar
  9. Guilleré C (1999) Espace et population après l’effondrement du Granier. In: L’éboulement du Granier et le sanctuaire de Myans. Proceedings of the Myans conference, 5–7 June 1998. Académie de Savoie. Documents, 2e série. Tome I, Chambéry, pp 159–168Google Scholar
  10. Guillomin A (1937) Les Abîmes de Myans (Savoie). Revue de Géographie Alpine, Grenoble XXV(1):583–606Google Scholar
  11. Hobléa F (2001) Genesis of the karstic network of the mount Granier (Chartreuse, Northwest Prealps, France). In: Häuselmann P, Monbaron M (eds) Cave genesis in the Alpine Belt. Proceedings of the 1st workshop for Alpine Speleogenesis, Habkern, Switzerland, 10–13 September 2000. UKPIK 10/2001, pp 29–39Google Scholar
  12. Hobléa F, Häuselmann P, Kubik P (2011) Cosmogenic nuclide dating of cave deposits of Mount Granier (Hauts de Chartreuse Nature Reserve, France): morphogenic and paleogeographical implications. Géomorphologie: Relief Processus Environnement 4:57–68Google Scholar
  13. Marconnet J-F (1999) Evolution des escarpements calcaires instables: quantification des mouvements actuels par G.P.S. et inclinométrie dans les Alpes du Nord (France). PhD thesis, University of SavoieGoogle Scholar
  14. Peisser C, Renau P (2010) Aspiring Bauges Subalpine Geopark. Application dossier European Geopark Network. Parc Naturel Régional du Massif des Bauges, Le ChâtelardGoogle Scholar
  15. Philippe M (1999) Le Granier, un haut lieu pour la connaissance de l’ours des cavernes. In: L’éboulement du Granier et le sanctuaire de Myans. Proceedings of the Myans conference, 5–7 June 1998, Académie de Savoie, Documents, 2e série. Tome I, Chambéry, pp 103–120Google Scholar
  16. Rampnoux JP (2008) Contexte stratigraphique, lithologique et structural des massifs subalpins des Bornes et des Bauges. Localisation des aquifères karstiques et circulation des eaux souterraines. In: Hydrogéologie et karst au travers des travaux de Michel Lepiller. Proceedings of the annual meeting of the French Committee of the International Association of Hydrogeologists, pp 61–70Google Scholar
  17. Schmid SM, Fügenschuh B, Kissling E, Schuster R (2004) Tectonic map and overall architecture of the Alpine orogen. Eclogae Geol Helv 97:93–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EDYTEMUMR CNRS – Université de SavoieLe Bourget du LacFrance

Personalised recommendations