Optimization of Biomass Transport and Logistics

  • Erin Searcy
  • J. Richard Hess
  • JayaShankar Tumuluru
  • Leslie Ovard
  • David J. Muth
  • Erik Trømborg
  • Michael Wild
  • Michael Deutmeyer
  • Lars Nikolaisen
  • Tapio Ranta
  • Ric Hoefnagels
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Energy book series (LNEN, volume 17)

Abstract

Global demand for lignocellulosic biomass is growing, driven by a desire to increase the contribution of renewable energy to the world energy mix. A barrier to the expansion of this industry is that biomass is not always geographically where it needs to be, nor does it have the characteristics required for efficient handling, storage, and conversion, due to low energy density compared to fossil fuels. Technologies exist that can create a more standardized feedstock for conversion processes and decrease handling and transport costs; however, the cost associated with those operations often results in a feedstock that is too expensive. The disconnect between quantity of feedstock needed to meet bioenergy production goals, the quality required by the conversion processes, and the cost bioenergy producers are able to pay creates a need for new and improved technologies that potentially remove barriers associated with biomass use.

Because of their impact on feedstock cost, feedstock location and raw physical format are key barriers to industry expansion and intercontinental trade. One approach to reducing biomass cost is to emulate the commodity fossil-fuel-based feedstocks that biomass must compete with in terms of logistics, quality, and market characteristics. This requires preprocessing the biomass to improve density, flowability, stability, consistency, and conversion performance. Making the biomass format compatible with existing high-capacity transportation and handling infrastructure will reduce the need for new infrastructure. Producing biomass with these characteristics at costs conducive to energy production requires the development of new technologies or improvements to existing ones.

Keywords

Corn Stover International Energy Agency Bioenergy Production Ammonia Fiber Explosion Logistics Challenge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erin Searcy
    • 1
  • J. Richard Hess
    • 2
  • JayaShankar Tumuluru
    • 1
  • Leslie Ovard
    • 1
  • David J. Muth
    • 3
  • Erik Trømborg
    • 4
  • Michael Wild
    • 5
  • Michael Deutmeyer
    • 6
  • Lars Nikolaisen
    • 7
  • Tapio Ranta
    • 8
  • Ric Hoefnagels
    • 9
  1. 1.Biofuels and Renewable Energy TechnologiesIdaho National LaboratoryIdaho FallsUSA
  2. 2.Energy Systems and TechnologiesIdaho National LaboratoryIdaho FallsIdaho
  3. 3.Praxik, LLCLowaLowa
  4. 4.Department of Ecology and Natural Resource ManagementNorwegian University of Life SciencesÅsNorway
  5. 5.Wild & Partner KGViennaAustria
  6. 6.Biomass & Bioenergy, Green Resources ASLondonUK
  7. 7.Danish Technological InstituteTaastrupDenmark
  8. 8.Department of Energy and Environmental TechnologyLappeenranta University of TechnologyLappeenrantaFinland
  9. 9.Energy & Resources, Faculty of GeosciencesUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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