The Selectivity of Manpower Demand and Supply

  • Wenke Apt
Part of the Demographic Research Monographs book series (DEMOGRAPHIC)


The outlined external military environment determines military manpower demand and the selectivity of manpower supply. A comparison of recruitment targets, soldierly requirements, and actual recruits may help determine the scope of the recruitment problem. Using the example of the Bundeswehr, the actual manpower supply is examined in terms of various qualifying criteria like age, educational attainment, or health status. The military personnel categories of conscripts and regular or professional soldiers are contrasted with their respective civilian counterparts for the years 1998–2005. This empirically based comparison of manpower demand and supply, both in theory and practice, provides first insights in the study population, combats certain long-standing prejudices against military personnel, especially recruits from East Germany, and builds the empirical basis for the subsequent regression analyses and human capital projections.


Educational Attainment Military Personnel Human Capital Endowment Civilian Labor Force Civilian Community 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenke Apt
    • 1
  1. 1.VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbHBerlinGermany

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