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A Demographic View on Security

  • Wenke Apt
Chapter
Part of the Demographic Research Monographs book series (DEMOGRAPHIC)

Abstract

Demographic trends act as an additional, yet mostly neglected, factor in the military environment. They may exacerbate existing security risks and affect the ability and willingness of states to support global security efforts. Researchers have identified several demographic issues that are relevant in the study of international security. Among others, these include population growth, natural resource scarcity, a high proportion of youth, high sex ratios, rapid urbanization, and demographic aging. The linkage between those security challenges that arise from a growing population with a youthful age structure and other challenges that stem from the deleterious effects of population aging is one of demand and supply: “Budget and manpower strains may undermine the ability of aging states to respond to global crises and wield influence, which not only disrupts the pursuit of their own goals, but also tests their ability to intervene in crises around the world” (Sciubba, The future faces of war: Population and national security, Praeger, Santa Barbara, 2011, 13). However, this aging effect on security capacity will not be uniform. Most countries in Europe will ceteris paribus face increasing difficulty to respond to security risks with adequate development cooperation or military intervention. By contrast, the U.S. global position may relatively improve in view of the less severe old-age dependency problem.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Military Operation Military Intervention Military Spending Defense Spending 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenke Apt
    • 1
  1. 1.VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbHBerlinGermany

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