Advertisement

Teaching Environmental Sciences in an International and Interdisciplinary Framework: From Arid to Alpine Ecosystems in NE Spain

  • D. Badía
  • N. Bayfield
  • A. Cernusca
  • F. Fillat
  • D. Gómez
Chapter
Part of the Innovations in Science Education and Technology book series (ISET, volume 20)

Abstract

There is a growing need to develop, teach, and apply successful problem-solving and interdisciplinary approaches on environmental sciences education. Some of most effective learning activities are fieldwork, although sites to be visited have to be carefully selected to reduce time and expenses as well as to take account of safety concerns. That is the case for the teaching locations selected to develop an interdisciplinary, international, and intensive course in NE Spain. Within a distance of about 150 km, students can visit arid, Mediterranean, and Alpine environments, in one of the largest ecological gradients in Europe. In each environment, different sites are visited to analyse natural characteristics, ecological and socio-economic constraints and potentials, as well as the impact of the historical human utilisation in landscapes and ecosystems. Throughout the course, the participants focus on exploring sustainable land-use alternatives to developing rural areas in the visited environments. This teaching approach is aimed at students at degree, master, and Ph.D. level of biology, ecology, agriculture and forestry, landscape planning, and environmental technology. More than 400 students from different countries in Europe have participated since 1998 under the auspices of different SOCRATES and ERASMUS Intensive Programmes.

Keywords

Wind Farm Field Visit Natural Park Shrub Encroachment Wildfire Risk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would very much like to acknowledge the great collaboration of the following people and entities; without them, it would have been impossible to carry out the course:

Research Institutions: Institut Jaume Almera (Geology-CSIC), Estación Experimental de Aula Dei (Agriculture-CSIC), Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología (Mountain ecology-CSIC), and Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria (DGA)

Universities: U. de Zaragoza, U. Pública de Navarra, U. de Lleida, U. Autónoma de Barcelona

Public Administrations: SODEMASA, Department of Environment of Govern of Aragón, Geoparque de Sobrarbe, Birdwatching Tourism Office (Diputació de Lleida), ARAMON (Public society to improve ski resorts), Junta de Bardenas Reales, Ayuntamientos de Fraga, Hecho y San Martin del Moncayo, Comarca del Baix Cinca

Private Consultants and Companies: EGA consultores, FOLIA consultores, ENDESA Educa, GAMESA, Compañia Guias de Loarre y Museos de Mequinenza

Stakeholders: Shepherds of Moncayo, Quesería “Xortical”, Restaurante “La Corza Blanca”, Asociación de Ganaderos del Valle de Hecho, Daniel Orte, Producciones cinematográficas

References

  1. Aguirre, J., Fernández, J. I., De Blas, J. C., & Fillat, F. (2000). Traditional management of the rustic rabbit in mountain areas: The case of the Gistain Valley of the central Pyrenees of Huesca. World Rabbit Science, 8(Supplement 1), 395–400.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous. (1999). Meeting of the European Ministers of Education. The Bologna Declaration of 19 June 1999. http://www.bologna-berlin2003.de/pdf/bologna_declaration.pdf
  3. Badía, D. (2009a). Guía comarcal de la Red Natural de Aragón: Bajo Cinca. Zaragoza: Ed. Prames. 191 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Badía, D. (2009b). Itinerarios edáficos por el Alto Aragón. Colección de Estudios Altoaragoneses, nº 28. Huesca: Ed. Instituto de Estudios Altoaragoneses. 189 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Badía, D., Chacón, G., Escuer, J. L., Enríquez, C., & Royes, E. (2002). Itinerarios naturalistas por el Bajo Cinca. Zaragoza: Ed. Prames. 178 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Badía, D., Ibarra, P., Martí, C., Longares, L. A., & Belmonte, A. (2008a). El Aiguabarreig: suelos y paisajes. Serie investigación, 53. Zaragoza: Consejo de Protección de la Naturaleza de Aragón. 193 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Badía, D., Martí, C., Sánchez, J. R., Fillat, F., Aguirre, J., & Gómez, D. (2008b). Influence of livestock soil eutrophication on floral composition in the Pyrenees Mountains. Journal of Mountain Science, 5, 63–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Badía, D., Martí, C., Palacio, E., Sancho, C., & Poch, R. M. (2009). Soil evolution over the Quaternary period in a semiarid climate (Segre river terraces, northeast Spain). Catena, 77, 165–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Badía, D., Martí, C., & Poch, R. M. (2011a). A soil toposequence characterization in the irrigable land-protected area contact zone of El Basal, NE-Spain. Arid Land Research and Management, 25, 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Badía, D., Martí, C., & Charte, R. (2011b). Soil erosion and conservation measures in semiarid ecosystems affected by wildfires. In D. Godone, & S. Stanchi (Eds.), Soil erosion studies (Chapter 5; pp. 87–110). Rijeka: InTech – Open Access Publisher. ISBN:978-953-307-710-9.Google Scholar
  11. Bayfield, N. G., Mcgowan, G. M., & Fillat, F. (2000). Using specialists or stakeholders to select indicators of environmental change for mountain areas in Scotland and Spain. Oecologia Montana, 9, 29–35.Google Scholar
  12. Blasco, J. (1996). Notes on the invertebrate fauna associated with gypsiferous soils in the Central Ebro Valley. In J. Herrero (Ed.), Biocenosis and agriculture in a semi-arid and gypseous environment of the Central Ebro Valley (pp. 6–17). International Symposium of Soils with Gypsum, Lleida.Google Scholar
  13. Braun-Blanquet, J., & Bolòs, O. (1957). Les groupements vegetaux du bassin de L’Ebre. Anales Estación Experimental de Aula Dei, 5, nº: 1–4. Zaragoza.Google Scholar
  14. Bueno, G. (2011). La perturbación del jabalí (Sus scrofa L.) en las comunidades de pastos naturales del Pirineo Central. Un enfoque multiescalar. Tesis Doctoral, Universidad de Zaragoza.Google Scholar
  15. Çaliskan, O. (2011). Virtual field trips in education of earth and environmental sciences. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 3229–3243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Carceller, F., & Xamani, C. (Coords) (2010). Flora y fauna del Aiguabarreig y su entorno. Zaragoza: Estación Biológica del Aiguabarrieg.Google Scholar
  17. Cernusca, A., Tappeiner, U., & Bayfield, N. (Eds.). (1999). Land-use changes in European mountain ecosystems. ECOMONT. Concept and results (368 pp). Wien: Europäische Akademie Bozen, Fachbereich Alpine Umwelt.-Berlin/Blackwell Wiss/Verlag.Google Scholar
  18. Clark, S. G., Michelle Steen-Adams, M. M., Pfirman, S., & Wallace, R. L. (2011). Professional development of interdisciplinary environmental scholars. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 1, 99–113. doi: 10.1007/s13412-011-0018-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Cuadrat, J. M., Saz, M. A., & Martín-Serrano, S. V. (2008). Atlas Climático de Aragón. Diputación General de Aragón (222 p). Zaragoza: Departamento de Medio Ambiente.Google Scholar
  20. Field, D. J., Koppi, A. J., Jarrett, L. E., Abbott, L. K., Cattle, S. R., Grant, C. D., McBratney, A. B., Menzies, N. W., & Weatherley, A. J. (2011). Soil science teaching principles. Geoderma, 167–168, 9–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fillat, F., Badía, D., Chocarro, C., Fanlo, R., Gómez, D., Pardo, F., Martí, C., Gómez, A., & Alvera, B. (1999). Results from the Pyrenean site on history of management, soil characteristics and vegetation distribution. In A. Cernusca, U. Tappeiner, & N. Bayfield (Eds.), Land use changes in European mountain ecosystems. ECOMONT. Concept and results (pp. 289–304). Wien: Europäsiche Akademie Bozen, Fachbereich Alpine Umwelt.-Berlin/Blackwell Wiss/Verlag.Google Scholar
  22. García, M. B., & Gómez, D. (2008). Flora del Pirineo Aragonés: Patrones espaciales de biodiversidad y su relación con la conservación. Pirineos, 162, 71–88.Google Scholar
  23. Herrero, J., & Snyder, R. L. (1997). Aridity and irrigation in Aragon, Spain. Journal of Arid Environment, 35, 535–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Instituto Aragonés De Estadística. (2010). Estructura productiva y renta de las comarcas aragonesas. Zaragoza: Gobierno de Aragón.Google Scholar
  25. Pedrocchi, C. (1998). Ecología de los Monegros. Huesca: I.E.A.-C.D.M.Google Scholar
  26. Peña, J. L., Pellicer, F., Julián, A.,Chueca, J., Echeverría, M. T., Lozano, M. V., & Sánchez, M. (2002). Mapa geomorfológico de Aragón (Serie Investigación, 34; 54 pp). Zaragoza: Consejo de Protección de la Naturaleza de Aragón.Google Scholar
  27. Pueyo, J. (1978). La precipitación evaoporitica actual en las lagunas saladas del área Bujaraloz, Sastago, Caspe, Alcañiz y Calanda. Revista del Instituto e Investigaciones geológicas, 33, 5–56.Google Scholar
  28. Tappeiner, U., & Cernusca, A. (1993). Alpine meadows and pastures after abandonment’ Results of the Austrian MaB-programme and the EC-STEP project. INTEGRALP. Pirineos, 141–142, 97–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Vincent, S., & Focht, W. (2011). Interdisciplinary environmental education: Elements of field identity and curriculum design. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 1, 14–35. doi: 10.1007/s13412-011-0007-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Websites

  1. Introduction to soil science. www.cienciadelsuelo.es
  2. Millenium Ecosystem Assessment. http://www.maweb.org/
  3. Soil and landscape relationships in Aragon region. http://www.suelosdearagon.com/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Badía
    • 1
  • N. Bayfield
    • 2
  • A. Cernusca
    • 3
  • F. Fillat
    • 4
  • D. Gómez
    • 4
  1. 1.Technic School of Environmental Sciences and Agrarian EngineeringUniversity of ZaragozaHuescaSpain
  2. 2.University of Aberdeen, King’s CollegeAberdeenScotland, UK
  3. 3.Institute of EcologyUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  4. 4.Pyrenean Institute of Ecology. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)JacaSpain

Personalised recommendations