Numerical Method

  • Baotang Shen
  • Ove Stephansson
  • Mikael Rinne


The FRACOD code is based on Boundary Element Method principles. It utilizes the Displacement Discontinuity Method (DDM), one of the three commonly used boundary element methods. In the FRACOD code, a fracture criterion, the F-criterion, is incorporated into the numerical method for simulating fracture propagation. This chapter describes the numerical method DDM, the F-criterion and modelling the initiation and propagation of fractures.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baotang Shen
    • 1
  • Ove Stephansson
    • 2
  • Mikael Rinne
    • 3
  1. 1.CSIRO Earth Science and Resource EngineeringBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for GeosciencesPotsdamGermany
  3. 3.School of Engineering Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, GeoengineeringAalto UniversityEspooFinland

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