The Revolution of Happiness and Happiness in Revolutions: The Case of the First Portuguese Republic

  • Miguel Pereira LopesEmail author
  • Patrícia Jardim Da Palma
  • Telmo Ferreira Alves
Part of the Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology book series (CAPP, volume 6)


This chapter focuses extensively and interestingly on the Portuguese Revolution of the beginning of the twentieth century that allowed for the establishment of the First Portuguese Republic and uses that case study to explore the relationship between happiness and political revolutions, debating if and how political revolutions are linked to happiness in people. They also open up a rich debate regarding the ways at a macro-level that can be used by a society and a nation to increase its citizen’s happiness. The case study that Miguel Pereira Lopes, Patricia Jardim da Palma, and Telmo Ferreira Alves have chosen, from their own country, brings a special light upon their conceptualization and perspectives while broadening the frontiers of the narrative to other national processes.


Gross Domestic Product Happiness Level Conjunction Fallacy Happiness Study Universal Suffrage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank the support given by the Public Administration and Policy Centre (CAAP) of the School of Political and Social Sciences of the Lisbon Tech University (ISCSP-UTL).


  1. Bewley, T. (1999). Why wages don’t fall during a recession. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Braga, T. (2010). História das ideias republicanas em Portugal (2nd ed.). Lisboa: Veja.Google Scholar
  3. Di Tella, R., MacCulloch, R. J., & Oswald, A. J. (2001). Preferences over inflation and unemployment: Evidence from surveys of happiness. American Economic Review, 91(1), 335–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fehr, E., & Gächter, S. (2000). Fairness and retaliation: The economics of reciprocity. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14(3), 159–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Florida, R. (2003). Cities and the creative class. City & Community, 2(1), 3–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Frey, B. S. (2008). Happiness: A revolution in economics. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. Frey, B. S., & Benz, M. (2008). Economics and psychology: Imperialism or inspiration? Working paper presented at the 1st IESE conference on humanizing the firm and the management profession. Available at:
  8. Frey, B. S., & Stutzer, A. (2000). Happiness, economics, and institutions. The Economic Journal, 110(446), 918–938.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Frey, B. S., & Stutzer, A. (2002). What can economists learn from happiness research? Journal of Economic Literature, 40(2), 402–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Frey, B. S., Schmidt, S. L., & Torgler, B. (2008). Relative income position, inequality and performance: An empirical panel analysis. In P. Andersson, P. Ayton, & C. Schmidt (Eds.), Myths and facts about football: The economics and psychology of the world’s greatest sport (pp. 349–369). Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  11. Frey, B. S., Luechinger, S., & Stutzer, A. (2009). The life satisfaction approach to valuing public goods: The case of terrorism. Public Choice, 138, 317–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Frey, B. S., Savage, D. A., & Torgler, B. (2010). Noblesse oblige? Determinants of survival in a life-and-death situation. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 74, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1979). Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica, 47(2), 263–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lopes, M. P., Palma, P. J., & Cunha, M. P. (2011). Tolerance is not enough: The moderator role of optimism on perceptions of regional economic performance. Social Indicators Research, 102(2), 333–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. MacCulloch, R., & Pezzini, S. (2007). Money, religion and revolution. Economics of Governance, 8, 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ott, J. (2005). Level and inequality of happiness in nations: Does greater happiness of a greater number imply greater inequality in happiness? Journal of Happiness Studies, 6, 397–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Radcliff, B. (2001). Politics, markets, and life satisfaction: The political economy of human happiness. American Political Science Review, 95(4), 939–952.Google Scholar
  18. Teixeira, N. S. (1987). Política externa e política interna no Portugal de 1890: o Ultimatum Inglês. Análise Social, XXIII(98), 687–719.Google Scholar
  19. Valente, V. P. (2009). Portugal: Ensaios de História e Política. Lisboa: Alêtheia.Google Scholar
  20. Veenhoven, R., & Kalmijn, W. (2005). Inequality-adjusted happiness in nations: Egalitarianism and utilitarianism married in a new index of societal performance. Journal of Happiness Studies, 6, 421–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel Pereira Lopes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Patrícia Jardim Da Palma
    • 1
  • Telmo Ferreira Alves
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social and Political Sciences, ISCSP, CAPP – Center for Public Policy and AdministrationTechnical University of LisbonLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations