California and Beyond: An International Perspective on the Sustainability of Irrigated Agriculture
Salinity and drainage are well entrenched problems of irrigated agriculture, applied globally across a wide range of geographic and cultural conditions. Two primary causes are inappropriate irrigation water management and delayed construction of an adequate drainage system. Long term perspectives are necessary in dealing with governance and institutional consistencies in water management. Successes elsewhere may be examples for California. Toxic trace elements in drainage water, including selenium, are not unique to the San Joaquin Valley. Lessons California learned may be a unique contribution to the international body of knowledge about the sustainability of irrigated agriculture because it was the first situation where potential environmental catastrophe caused by irrigation involved the toxic trace element.
KeywordsDrainage Water Salinity Problem Drainage Problem Agricultural Drainage Water Water Quality Objective
We wish to thank the following for their help in writing this chapter: Professor Mehmet Ali Cullu, University of Harran, Department of Soil Science, Sanluerfa, Turkey; Dr. Manzoor Qadir, ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria; Dr. Chris Smith, CSIRO, Canberra, Australia; Dennis W. Westcot, formally California Regional Water Quality Control Board, Central Valley Region, Sacramento, California; Douglas E. Davis, Tulare Lake Drainage District, Corcoran, California, Michael L. Delamore, formally U.S. Bureau of Reclamation; William (Bill) R. Johnston, formally Westlands Water District, Fresno, California; Sarge Green, Westside Resource Conservation District, Fresno, California; and David Cone, Southern San Joaquin Valley Water Quality Coalition, Fresno, California We also thank Debra Silva for her help with text editing.
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