Detrended Fluctuation Analysis: An Experiment About the Neural-Regulation of the Heart and Motor Vibration

  • Toru Yazawa
  • Yukio Shimoda
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 247)


Acceleratory and inhibitory cardio-regulator nerves innervate the heart of a living creature. The two nerves discharge concurrently to maintain an equilibrium state of the heart. The nerves change their frequency of discharge in a reflexive manner to meet the demand from the periphery, such as augmentation of oxygen supply or vice versa. Consequently, the heart exhibits a dynamic change in rate of pumping and force of contraction. If the control system fails, the heart exhibits an unhealthy state. However, an assessment of a healthy/unhealthy status is uneasy, because we are not able to monitor the nerve activities by non-invasive methods. Therefore, we challenged to detect a state of the heart without nerve-recordings. We used the Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA) by applying it to a heartbeat interval time series because the DFA is believed that it can quantify the state of heart. The objective of this research was to determine whether the DFA technology could function as a useful method for the evaluation of the subject’s quality of a cardiovascular-related illness. We performed DFA on the EKGs (Electrocardiograms) from living organisms and a running motor as well. We conclude that scaling exponents could determine whether the subjects are under sick or healthy conditions.


Animal model Cardio-vascular system Crustacean heart DFA Fluctuation analysis Heartbeat Interval Motor vibration Scaling exponent Time series 



This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 23500524 to TY. We thank financial support of No. 4DQ404 from DVX Inc. Tokyo, Japan, and No. 22DG405 from NOMS, Co. Ltd., Nagoya, Japan. We express our gratitude to T. Tsuruta at Soft Club Co. Ltd. Tokyo, Japan for decades-long understanding and support of our Neurobiology research. We thank G. Witte for correcting our poor English.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neurobiology, Bio-Physical Cardiology Research Group, Biological ScienceTokyo Metropolitan UniversityHachiojiJapan
  2. 2.Medical Research InstituteTokyo Women’s Medical UniversityShinjukuJapan

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