Neanderthal to Neanderthal Evolution: Preliminary Observations on Faunal Exploitation from Mousterian to Châtelperronian at Arcy-sur-Cure

  • James G. Enloe
Part of the Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology book series (VERT)


Arcy-sur-Cure provides substantial information for documenting the transition from the Middle to Upper Paleolithic. An important stratigraphic sequence covers the transition in the Grotte du Renne, with a sequence spanning from Mousterian through Châtelperronian to Aurignacian. The Châtelperronian includes distinctive Neanderthal fossil material. The neighboring Grotte du Bison includes a sequence from the Mousterian through the Châtelperronian. While much attention has been paid to the transition from Neanderthals to anatomically modern humans, relatively little has been paid to the transition from flake to blade industries within the context of a pre-modern hominid species, the Neanderthals. Of primary interest to this analysis are the Mousterian Level I and the Châtelperronian Level D of the Grotte du Bison. This study focuses on identifying continuity or change in environment or subsistence practices between the Mousterian and the Châtelperronian, rather than examining the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition.


Neanderthal Mousterian Châtelperronian Taphonomy Transition Faunal exploitation Hyena Bear 



The author would like to thank Francine David for her endless generosity and support and for her sharing of data. I would like to express my appreciation also to all of the excavation crews over the years at the Grotte du Bison, who made this project possible, and to François de la Varende for his gracious permission and assistance for excavation at the Grotte du Bison. I would like to thank Matthew Hill of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Iowa for his advice and assistance in the statistical analysis of skeletal element representation, as well as Sara Lane and Katie Hove at the University of Iowa for their assistance in preparing data tables and figures. I acknowledge the Service Régional de l’Archéologie de Bourgogne, the LSB Leakey Foundation for Anthropological Research and the University of Iowa’s Arts and Humanities Initiative for their contributions to the support for the excavation and analysis. I would like to express my appreciation to the anonymous reviewers, whose suggestions helped make this a stronger paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

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