Wireless Positioning Techniques and Location-Based Services: A Literature Review

  • Pantea Keikhosrokiani
  • Norlia Mustaffa
  • Nasriah Zakaria
  • Muhammad Imran Sarwar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 240)


With advent of satellite positioning system and availability of wireless communication network, it is possible for an end user to navigate even in the scarce location where there are fewer inhabitants. With affordable cost and vast coverage, millions of users can access location co-ordinates from any part of the world due to wireless positioning techniques. In this study, we highlight different positioning methods, location-based services and vast variety of applications benefited from these methods and services. This paper covers brief mathematical models used among all the wireless positioning systems along with their comparison. In today’s fast pace information era, location-based services are not only used for hotspot navigation but, also used for marketing strategy and so on. In addition, this article includes location-based services that access mobile network, and utilized the current location of the mobile device appropriately. Finally we classify the location-based solutions that have been used in variety of models such health services, marketing, tourism, entertainment and advertisement, and so forth. The study concludes that with evolution of technological advancement, wireless positioning system will be more improved and will be used in every part of our daily life in an effective manner.


Location positioning methods Wireless technologies Location-based services Global positioning system (GPS) Cellular network 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht(Outside the USA) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pantea Keikhosrokiani
    • 1
  • Norlia Mustaffa
    • 1
  • Nasriah Zakaria
    • 1
  • Muhammad Imran Sarwar
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Computer SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  2. 2.National Advance IPv6 Centre (NAv6)Universiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia

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