Prevalence, Attitudes, Risk Factors, and Selected Health-Related Outcomes Associated with Spousal Physical Violence During Pregnancy in Egypt

  • Andrzej Kulczycki
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE, volume 33)


Violence against women is often referred to as gender-based based violence because of its association with the subordinate status of women in many societies. It includes intimate partner violence (IPV), a term often used interchangeably with spousal violence. This may comprise physical violence, the most common form of IPV, as well as sexual, emotional and financial abuse. Husbands are more often the perpetrators and women bear the heavy burden of such abuse. IPV is a serious, costly and widespread problem. It has multiple adverse physical, mental and social impacts for women, children and families, communities and societies (Campbell 2002; Coker et al. 2000, 2002; Ellsberg et al. 2008; Garcia-Moreno et al. 2006; Watts and Zimmerman 2002). The reproductive health consequences may often include unintended pregnancies and poor pregnancy outcomes, as well as more hospitalizations, greater use of outpatient care for acute problems, and less preventive care (Cronholm et al. 2011). Physical violence has also been associated with a range of common gynecological disorders such as fibroids, decreased libido, chronic pelvic pain, pain on intercourse, urinary tract, vaginal, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (Letourneau et al. 1999).


Intimate Partner Violence Physical Violence Arab Country Wife Beating Spousal Abuse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health Care Organization and PolicyUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)BirminghamUSA

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