Clays: Industrial Applications and Their Determinants

  • Swapna Mukherjee


The easy availability of clays in almost all inhabitable places on earth and its certain characteristic properties facilitate its diverse use in the human civilisation since prehistoric time. The clays were widely used in building muddy huts or in the production of bricks, potteries etc. even in the most primitive forms of cultures. In the present age, the uses of clays and clay minerals are increasing day by day, and they are gradually replacing metals in various fields as cheaper, better and environment-friendly alternatives.


Clay Mineral Cation Exchange Capacity Transition Element Filler Particle Drilling Fluid 
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Further Reading

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Web References

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Copyright information

© Capital Publishing Company 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Swapna Mukherjee
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological Survey of IndiaKolkataIndia

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