Environmental Degradations during Clay Mining and Beneficiation

  • Swapna Mukherjee


Clay is defined as a natural, earthy, fine-grained material, largely of a group of crystalline hydrous silicate minerals known as clay minerals. The usual types of mines are open pit but underground mining is also done for clay, associated with coal deposits and more profitable, particularly for fire clays.


Clay Mining Respirable Dust Concave Slope China Clay Fluvial Network 
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Further Reading

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© Capital Publishing Company 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Swapna Mukherjee
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological Survey of IndiaKolkataIndia

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