Landsat and Thermal Infrared Imaging

  • Terry Arvidson
  • Julia Barsi
  • Murzy Jhabvala
  • Dennis Reuter
Part of the Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing book series (RDIP, volume 17)


The purpose of this chapter is to describe the collection of thermal images by Landsat sensors already on orbit and to introduce a new Landsat thermal sensor. The chapter describes the Landsat 4 and 5 thematic mapper (TM) and Landsat 7 enhanced thematic mapper plus (ETM+) sensors, the calibration of their thermal bands, and the design and prelaunch calibration of the new thermal infrared sensor (TIRS). The TIRS will be launched in February 2013 on the Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) satellite, which will be renamed to Landsat 8 after it reaches orbit. Continuity of the data record has always been a priority for the Landsat project. The TIRS will extend the unique Landsat thermal data archive begun in 1978 that supports, among other applications, water resource management in the western United States and global agricultural monitoring studies. The TIRS also introduces improved technology and data quality, both of which are discussed in the chapter.


Focal Plane Thematic Mapper Thermal Band Operational Land Imager Goddard Space Flight Center 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Work described in this chapter was performed under NASA Contracts NNG09HP18C/Task 061 and NNG09HP08C. The authors would like to thank all partners in the LDCM mission. In particular, they would like to express their deepest gratitude to the members of the TIRS development, analysis, fabrication, and test teams without whose exceptional efforts TIRS would not exist.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terry Arvidson
    • 1
  • Julia Barsi
    • 2
  • Murzy Jhabvala
    • 3
  • Dennis Reuter
    • 3
  1. 1.Information Systems and Global SolutionsLockheed MartinGreenbeltUSA
  2. 2.Science Systems and Applications Inc. (SSAI)LanhamUSA
  3. 3.Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)GreenbeltUSA

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