Air Embolism in a Pediatric Patient: A Very Rare Complication of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography

  • Marta Di Pisa
  • Giuseppe Chiaramonte
  • Ilaria Tarantino
  • Mario Traina
Part of the Pediatric Cancer book series (PECA, volume 4)


There are ample data in the literature regarding the occurrence of venous air embolism during an endoscopic procedure, in which the gas, insufflated into a body cavity, enters the vascular system through a traumatic or surgical lesion. In the last years, almost three fatal events have already been described during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), following liver biopsy and sphincterotomy, but very few records exist on this complication in paediatric patients. For this reason, it’s imperative to recognize it in time, because it can be fatal or can have severe neurologic consequences.


Advanced Cardiac Life Support Transthoracic Needle Biopsy Endoscopic Biliary Sphincterotomy Central Venous Pressure Measurement Cardiac Arrest Rhythm 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta Di Pisa
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Chiaramonte
    • 1
  • Ilaria Tarantino
    • 1
  • Mario Traina
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GastroenterologyIs MeTT, UPMCPalermoItaly

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