Pediatric Neuroblastoma: Use of Hypermethylation of Apoptotic Genes as a Prognostic Factor

  • Yania Yañez
  • Elena Grau
  • Adela Cañete
  • Victoria Castel
Chapter
Part of the Pediatric Cancer book series (PECA, volume 4)

Abstract

Neuroblastoma, the most common solid extracraneal tumor in childhood, develops from immature or de-differentiated neural-crest derived cells. Prognosis depends on the patient’s age at diagnosis, tumor stage and MYCN oncogene amplification. Several established molecular parameters (DNA content, allelic loss in 1p and 11q and gain of genetic material in 17q) have been introduced as prognostic indicators, however, the molecular basis of NB development and progression remains poorly understood. Epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA hypermethylation, are important regulators of gene expression and are frequently involved in silencing tumor suppressor genes. A clinically relevant methylation profile in NB has recently been studied using different screening techniques and hypermethylation of apoptotic genes such as caspase-8, have been identified as good prognostic indicators, emphasizing the potential use of epigenetic biomarkers for prognosis purposes.

Keywords

Methylation Status Aberrant Methylation MYCN Amplification International Neuroblastoma Staging System DCR2 Expression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yania Yañez
    • 1
  • Elena Grau
    • 1
  • Adela Cañete
    • 2
  • Victoria Castel
    • 3
  1. 1.Pediatric OncologyHospital Universitari i Politècnic La FeValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Pediatric OncologyHospital Universitari i Politècnic La FeValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Pediatric OncologyHospital Universitari i Politècnic La FeValenciaSpain

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