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Systematization of EU Product Safety Regulation and European Primary Law

  • Kai Purnhagen
Chapter
Part of the Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice book series (IUSGENT, volume 26)

Abstract

Although EU primary law generally welcomes systematization of EU product safety regulation, it also defines certain limits. The European legal culture is no obstacle to systematization of EU product safety regulation, as neither the hybrid, nor the fragmentary feature, nor the character of European law as a mixed legal system form any impediment per se. The policy objectives of the EU furthermore require the systematization of EU law, and in particular EU product safety regulation. The post-Lisbon version of Art. 13 (1) TEU provides a general duty to systematize European regulation, while environmental law as an umbrella policy stipulates the requirement to systematize EU product safety regulation. However, these policy objectives do not translate directly into competences for systematization. As systematization constitutes an ‘act’ within the meaning of Art. 5 (2) TEU, Union institutions in fact require a special competence in order to systematize EU product safety regulation. In the area of shared competences, Art. 114 TFEU read in conjunction with the doctrines of implied or resulting powers in fact provides such a competence at EU level. Within the competence area to support, coordinate or supplement, systematization is only possible within the limits of Art. 352 TFEU. The principle of proportionality, however, limits the application of these competences. In order to keep the risk of under- and overinvolvement of certain product groups and consumers at a reasonable limit, the degree of systematization of EU product safety regulation varies according to the severeness of the hazard that is to be expected. The severer the hazard, the more systematization is permitted.

Keywords

Precautionary Principle Risk Regulation Civil Protection Lisbon Treaty Competence Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Purnhagen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of LawLudwig Maximilian University MunichMunichGermany

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