The Protective Effects of Natural Polyphenolic Complexes of Grape Wine on Organisms Exposed to Oxidative and Nitrosative Stress Under Diabetes Mellitus
Peripheral nerve damage is a significant complication of diabetes mellitus. The ingestion of polyphenols available naturally in a variety of plant products may provide impressive protection against such damage. The natural polyphenol complex of grape wine has a significant anti-diabetic effect. It can protect against dehydration at the level of the whole organism and deter free radical-induced damage to the sciatic nerve, the spinal cord, kidney and retina. The levels of nitrosylated and PARylated proteins can be restored to near control levels by the extract. The biochemical mechanisms of action of the natural polyphenol complex of grape wine require further research, but may be considered as a valuable therapeutic approach for the treatment of diabetic complications.
KeywordsSpinal Cord Dorsal Root Ganglion Sciatic Nerve Nitrosative Stress Grape Wine
We express our sincere gratitude to the Western Ukrainian Biomedical Research Center (WUBMRC, 2011–2012) for a grant provided to conduct this research.
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