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Integrin Antagonists and Angiogenesis

  • Shaker A. Mousa
  • Paul J. Davis
Chapter

Abstract

Integrins and associated extracellular matrix protein ligands participate in angiogenesis, thrombosis, apoptosis, cell migration and proliferation. Disorders of such processes lead to acute and chronic disease states such as ocular diseases, cancer metastasis, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, stroke, osteoporosis, a wide range of inflammatory diseases, vascular remodeling and neurodegenerative disorders. Progress has been substantial in the development of antagonists for αvβ3, αvβ5, and αvβ1 integrins to modulate angiogenesis and blood vessel-related disorders. Several reports illustrate existence of crosstalk between integrins and various hormonal systems. The expression of αv integrin on distinct cell types contributes to cancer growth, and αv integrin antagonists have the potential to disrupt multiple aspects of cancer and blood vessel disease progression. The rationale for the development of various therapeutic and diagnostic candidate anti-integrin agents is reviewed here, as are nanoparticle delivery systems directed at specific sites on integrins.

Keywords

Single Photon Emission Compute Tomography Thyroid Hormone Peptide Antagonist Position Emission Tomography Human Serum Albumin Binding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Pharmaceutical Research Institute at Albany College of Pharmacy and Health SciencesRensselaerUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineAlbany Medical CollegeAlbanyUSA

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