Cultural Practices Influencing Biological Management of Crop Diseases

Chapter
Part of the Progress in Biological Control book series (PIBC, volume 16)

Abstract

Cultural practices connected with crop production have the primary aim of enhancing soil fertility and crop productivity. All operations connected with crop cultivation are able to either favor or arrest the development of crop diseases. Microbial plant pathogens and the antagonists present in the soil and on the plant surfaces are influenced by the cultural practices such as ploughing, nutrients applied, date of planting and harvesting, plant spacing, type and frequency of irrigation and harvest operations. Microbial plant pathogens can survive in several alternative or additional host plant species that may be present in the field or far away from the field concerned. Hence, it is essential to eliminate all possible sources of infection to reduce the incidence and further spread of diseases. Crop sanitation is a simple and important practice to eliminate or reduce the pathogen inoculum. Influence of type of irrigation on disease incidence has been brought out clearly by some studies. The effect of crop rotation and components of crops in rotation on disease incidence have been studied in some detail in certain crops. It is possible to reduce disease incidence and intensity by including appropriate rotational crops which are resistant/immune to the target pathogen. Intercropping cultural practice as a disease management strategy has been shown to be effective in reducing the incidence of virus diseases.

Keywords

Powdery Mildew Disease Incidence Verticillium Wilt Wilt Disease Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CoimbatoreIndia

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