Phosphatidic Acid-Mediated Signaling

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 991)

Abstract

Phosphatidic acid (PA) is recognized as an important class of lipid messengers. The cellular PA levels are dynamic; PA is produced and metabolized by several enzymatic reactions, including different phospholipases, lipid kinases, and phosphatases. PA interacts with various proteins and the interactions may modulate enzyme catalytic activities and/or tether proteins to membranes. The PA-protein interactions are impacted by changes in cellular pH and other effectors, such as cations. PA is involved in a wide range of cellular processes, including vesicular trafficking, cytoskeletal organization, secretion, cell proliferation, and survival. Manipulations of different PA production reactions alter cellular and organismal response to a wide range of abiotic and biotic stresses. Further investigations of PA’s function and mechanisms of action will advance not only the understanding of cell signaling networks but also may lead to biotechnological and pharmacological applications.

Keywords

Phosphatidic acid Phospholipase D Phospholipase C Diacylglycerol kinase Lipid signaling Stress response 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work resulting from Wang laboratory was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation Grant IOS-0818740, the US Dep­artment of Agriculture Grant 2007-35318-18393, and the US Department of Energy Grant DE-SC0001295. We thank Brian Fanella for critical reading of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of MissouriSt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.Donald Danforth Plant Science CenterSt. LouisUSA

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