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Multiword Structures in Different Materials, and with Different Goals and Methodologies

  • Britt Erman
  • Margareta Lewis
  • Lars Fant
Chapter
Part of the Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics book series (YCLP, volume 1)

Abstract

Following an overview of early frequency-based research of recurring word combinations and patterns, three current methods within SLA focusing spoken and written production are presented. Studies within each of these methodological paradigms are compared from qualitative aspects, such as medium, size of material, control of task, topic and discipline. This is followed by a presentation of a small-scale empirical study using two of these methods, the lexical bundle method and the ‘comprehensive’ method, applied to the same spoken material of very advanced Swedish users of L2 English and L2 Spanish and native English and Spanish controls. Both methods are usage-based, scanning entire texts for multiword structures, one computer-driven, the lexical bundle method, and one largely manual, the comprehensive method. This small-scale study has shown that two different methods, yielding different results, can fruitfully be used together, not only to inform and complement one another, but to broaden our knowledge of what being nativelike involves, not to mention the vast implications such increased knowledge may have for teaching and learning an L2.

Keywords

Noun Phrase Comprehensive Method Academic Writing Word Combination Discourse Marker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments 

Thanks are due to generous funding by The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, Sweden. We also wish to thank Professor Annelie Ädel for providing the WordSmith files.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EnglishStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Spanish and PortugueseStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

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