Summary and Policy Recommendations
The 2011 census of Canada revealed a population growth of about 5.9 % from 2006 to 2011 (Statistics Canada 2012). However, Atlantic Canada’s population grew only by about 1.87 % (from 2.28 million in 2006 to 2.32 million in 2011). Immigration and fewer losses in net-migratory exchanges with other provinces led to this positive growth, which had been close to zero in the previous five-year period. However, the rate of population growth was still the slowest in the country; as a result, Atlantic Canada’s share of the national population declined from 7.2 to 6.9% between 2006 and 2011. Also, due to declining fertility rates and aging in the post-World War II period, the natural growth of population in the region has been on a more rapid decline than it has been nationally. Out-migration of population has been a chronic problem faced by population planners in the post-World War II period, so provinces in Atlantic Canada are now relying more on immigration to meet their demographic challenges.
KeywordsInternational Student Nova Scotia Provincial Government Labour Market Performance Skilled Immigrant
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